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Table 1 Participant Characteristics

From: Social determinants of health and hospital readmissions: can the HOSPITAL risk score be improved by the inclusion of social factors?

Demographics
 Age (years), median [IQR] 53.00 [33.00, 67.00]
Gender, n (%)
 Male 13,427 (36.2)
 Female 23,678 (63.8)
Race, n (%)
 Black/African-American 29,797 (80.3)
 White 5424 (14.6)
 Other 1884 (5.1)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Hispanic or Latino 1758 (4.7)
 Not Hispanic or Latino 34,871 (94.0)
Unknown 476 (1.3)
Vital Signs, median [IQR]
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 123.00 [110.00, 137.00]
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 70.00 [61.00, 79.00]
 Heart rate, beats per minute 80.00 [71.00, 90.00]
 BMI 27.46 [23.19, 33.30]
Laboratories, median [IQR]
 Hemoglobin, g/dL 10.60 [9.30, 12.10]
 Hematocrit, % 32.30 [28.40, 36.50]
 Platelets, 10*3/uL 226.00 [178.00, 287.00]
 Sodium, mEq/L 138.00 [136.00, 140.00]
 Potassium, mEq/L 4.00 [3.70, 4.30]
 BUN, mg/dL 13.00 [9.00, 21.00]
 Creatinine, mg/dL 0.90 [0.70, 1.20]
 NT-ProBNP, pg/mL 1535.50 [266.25, 6024.50]
Comorbidities, n (%)
 Heart Failure 6050 (16.3)
 Coronary Artery Disease 5784 (15.6)
 Atrial Fibrillation 2786 (7.5)
 Hypertension 18,421 (49.6)
 Dyslipidemia 6731 (18.1)
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 3616 (9.7)
 Diabetes 8569 (23.1)
 Valvular Heart Disease 2692 (8.5)
 Renal Disease 7203 (22.8)
 Liver Disease 2429 (7.7)
Medications, n (%)
 Antiplatelets 10,285 (27.7)
 Beta Blockers 12,233 (33.0)
 ACE/ARB 10,919 (29.4)
 Aldosterone Antagonist 1953 (5.3)
 Loop Diuretic 6422 (17.3)
 Statins 11,195 (30.2)
 Anticoagulants 23,080 (62.2)
 Insulin 9241 (24.9)
HOSPITAL risk score, n (%)
 Low risk (≤ 4) 22,223 (71.1)
 Intermediate risk (5, 6) 5648 (18.1)
 High risk (≥ 7) 3364 (10.8)
Prior Health System Utilization, n (%)
 Number of readmissions 1 month before index 0.18 (0.47)
 Number of ER visits 1 month before index 0.25 (0.66)
Social Vulnerability Index Components, median [IQR]
 Age 65 and above (% of census tract) 13.80 [9.40, 17.30]
 Crowding (% of census tract) 3.00 [0.90, 5.20]
 Disabled (% of census tract) 14.30 [10.90, 17.80]
 Limited English (% of census tract) 0.60 [0.00, 2.20]
 Minority (% of census tract) 98.00 [89.90, 99.50]
 Mobile home (% of census tract) 0.00 [0.00, 0.00]
 No high school diploma (% of census tract) 13.90 [9.90, 19.80]
 No vehicle (% of census tract) 34.80 [24.50, 43.00]
 Per capita income ($) 19,064.00 [14,715.00, 25,467.00]
 Poverty (% of census tract) 30.00 [19.90, 39.30]
 Single parent household (% of census tract) 15.20 [9.70, 20.80]
 Unemployment (% of census tract) 19.20 [12.20, 25.90]
Hardship Index Components, median [IQR]
 Crowding (% of census tract) 3.30 [2.40, 4.00]
 Poverty (% of census tract) 29.00 [19.20, 30.70]
 Aged 16+ and unemployed (% of census tract) 20.30 [15.70, 24.00]
 Aged 25+ and no high school diploma (% of census tract) 16.50 [14.00, 21.00]
 Aged under 18 and over 64 (% of census tract) 39.50 [35.70, 41.10]
 Per capita income ($) 18,672.00 [16,563.00, 23,791.00]
Neighborhood cluster type, n (%)
 Rural Affordable 2516 (6.8)
 Vibrant Urban Core 1502 (4.0)
 Suburban Affordable 941 (2.5)
 Extreme Poverty 23,461 (63.2)
 Multilingual Working 1276 (3.4)
 Suburban Affluent 7409 (20.0)
 Violent crime rate (% of census tract) 48.87 [25.55, 71.76]
 Area Deprivation Index Score 7.00 [5.00, 9.00]