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Table 8 Comparison of independent prescribers and non-prescribers, by profession, on variables used in the cost analysis

From: A comparative case study of prescribing and non-prescribing physiotherapists and podiatrists

Professional group Prescribing status   Number of medications required
(Observation Q6)
Number of tests requested / patient
(Sample audit)
Consultation time in minutes / patient
(Observation Q1)
Discussions with colleagues in minutes/ per patient (Observation Q9,10) x Patients receiving referral (not for tests) (Observation Q11) Patients with planned follow up (Observation Q15) Patients reporting verified unplanned consultations within 2 months (Patient questionnaire)
PHYSIO-
THERAPY
Independent prescriber (IP) N 107 42 107 107 N 107 107 47
Missing 9 74 9 9 Yes N 32 54 (8 by phone) 1
N, % of zeros 75, 70.1% 32, 76.2% 0 88, 82.2% Yes % 29.9% 50.5% 2.1%
Mean 0.327 0.262 27.64 1.802     
SD 0.546 0.497 14.10 5.585     
Median 0 0 24 0     
IQR 0 to 1 0 to 0.25 18 to 34 0 to 0     
Non prescriber (NP) N 115 44 115 115 N 115 115 46
Missing 7 78 7 7 Yes N 34 51 (1 by phone) 2
N, % of zeros 87, 75.7% 33, 75.0% 0 114, 99.1% Yes % 29.6% 44.3% 4.3%
Mean 0.252 0.250 20.83 0~     
SD 0.456 0.438 10.46 0~     
Median 0 0 19 0     
IQR 0 to 0 0 to 0.75 14 to 28 0 to 0     
Significant difference (p) MWU 0.336 MWU 0.949 MWU < 0.0005 MWU < 0.0005   Chi Sq 0.956 Chi Sq 0.361 FE 0.617
PODIATRY Independent prescriber (IP) N 128 24 128 128 N 128 128 57
Missing 5 109 5 5 Yes N 17 110 (0 by phone) 0
N, % of zeros 93, 72.7% 17, 70.8% 0 109, 85.2% Yes % 13.3% 85.9% 0%
Mean 0.328 0.375 24.27 0.976     
SD 0.616 0.647 24.32 2.682     
Median 0 0 16 0     
IQR 0 to 1 0 to 1 11 to 27.75 0 to 0     
Non prescriber (NP) N 124 32 123 124 N 124 124 47
Missing 3 95 4 3 Yes N 6 111 (7 by phone) 1
N, % of zeros 114, 91.9% 32, 100% 0 111, 89.5% Yes % 4.8% 89.5% 2.1%
Mean 0.105 0 16.88 0.726     
SD 0.379 0 9.86 2.867     
Median 0 0 16 0     
IQR 0 to 0 0 to 0 10 to 23 0 to 0     
Significant difference (p) MWU 0.001 MWU < 0.0005 MWU 0.073 MWU 0.349   Chi Sq 0.20 Chi Sq 0.387 FE 0.452
  1. Number of medications required = new medication + repeat medication (same dosage) + repeat medication (dosage changed)