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Table 2 Patients hospital mean cost for yeara

From: Costs and healthcare utilisation of patients with heart failure in Spain

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Cumulative cost in 2019
  mean SD mean SD mean SD mean SD mean SD
Total hospital cost
 CVD 2834 5212 2416 5065 2268 4839 1985 4937 2146 4947 11,649
 Cardiorenal 2536 4859 2155 4565 2001 4433 1759 4329 1896 4460 10,346
 HF 1967 4094 1657 3814 1476 3609 1297 3505 1447 3604 7842
 CKD 569 2173 498 2024 525 2057 463 1943 450 1968 2504
 MI 98 812 87 800 79 760 70 776 83 761 416
 Stroke 138 970 126 942 132 977 108 940 113 887 616
 PAD 63 740 49 619 57 682 48 660 54 602 271
Medication cost
 Total medication 230 425 216 426 227 426 204 432 206 421 1083
 Diabetes medication 101 336 97 336 118 324 85 308 85 317 486
 HF medication 86 130 79 131 76 203 86 268 90 313 417
 CVD medication 44 96 40 91 33 80 33 86 31 339 181
  1. CVD Cardiovascular disease, HF Heart failure, CKD Chronic kidney disease, cardiorenal HF and/or CKD, MI Myocardial infarction, PAD Peripheral artery disease
  2. aIn Euros