Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient and family member sociodemographic and clinical characteristics

From: Implementation of three innovative interventions in a psychiatric emergency department aimed at improving service use: a mixed-method study

  Brief intervention team Crisis center team Family-peer support team Total
(n = 44) (n = 37) (n = 20) (n = 101)
Sociodemographic variables Mean SD. Mean SD. Mean SD. Mean SD.
Age (mean, SD.) 37.82 13.15 41.05 14.99 45.50 17.48 40.52 14.89
  n % n % n % n %
Sex
 Female 27 61.36 24 64.86 12 60.00 63 62.38
 Male 17 38.64 13 35.14 8 40.00 38 37.62
Type of housing
 Autonomous (house/condo/apartment) 41 93.18 27 75.00 20 100.00 88 88.00
 Other 3 6.82 9 25.00 0 0.00 12 12.00
Civil status
 Single/separated/divorced/widowed 29 65.91 28 75.68 12 60.00 69 68.32
 Married/common law 15 34.09 9 24.32 8 40.00 32 31.68
Level of education
 Elementary/high school 8 18.18 12 32.43 5 25.00 25 24.75
 College or higher 36 81.82 25 67.57 15 75.00 76 75.25
Work
 Yes, full time 19 43.18 5 13.51 11 55.00 35 34.65
 Yes, part time 7 15.91 6 16.22 2 10.00 15 14.85
Family income (Can$)
 0 to $19,999/year 10 23.26 21 58.33 2 11.76 33 34.38
 $20,000 to $69,999/year 22 51.16 11 30.56 9 52.94 42 43.75
 $70,000/year and higher 11 25.58 4 11.11 6 35.29 21 21.88
Close friends
 Yes 36 81.82 28 75.68 18 90.00 82 81.19
Number of close friends (mean, SD.) 3.06 1.24 3.25 1.60 3.39 1.29 3.20 1.37
Clinical characteristics
Diagnosis a
  Mental disorders (MD) 32 72.73 37 100.00 N/A N/A 69 85.19
  Common MD 21 47.73 21 56.76 N/A N/A 42 51.85
   Anxiety disorders 10 22.73 10 27.03 N/A N/A 20 24.69
   Depressive disorders 11 25.00 14 37.84 N/A N/A 25 30.86
Serious MD 7 15.91 13 35.14 N/A N/A 20 24.69
   Schizophrenia 5 11.36 4 10.81 N/A N/A 9 11.11
   Bipolar disorders 2 4.55 9 24.32 N/A N/A 11 13.58
Personality disorders 5 11.36 15 40.54 N/A N/A 20 24.69
Substance use disorders b (SUD) 7 15.91 7 18.92 N/A N/A 14 17.28
Co-occurring MD-SUD 3 6.82 7 18.92 N/A N/A 10 12.35
Co-occurring MD-chronic physical illnesses 0 0.00 2 5.41 N/A N/A 2 2.47
Suicidal behaviors (ideation and attempt) a 11 25.00 28 75.68 N/A N/A 39 48.15
Triage priority level a      N/A N/A   
Level 1 (immediate care) 0 0.00 0 0.00 N/A N/A 0 0.00
Level 2–3 (urgent/very urgent care) 8 18.18 18 48.65 N/A N/A 26 32.10
Level 4–5 (not urgent/less urgent care) 36 81.82 19 51.35 N/A N/A 55 67.90
Perceived mental health (MH)
 Poor or fair 13 29.55 17 45.95 4 20.00 34 38.33
 Moderately good or good 30 68.18 16 43.24 8 40.00 54 50.00
 Very good or excellent 1 2.27 4 10.81 8 40.00 13 11.67
Perceived physical health
 Poor or fair 10 22.73 11 29.73 3 15.00 24 23.97
 Moderately good or good 23 52.27 19 51.35 6 30.00 48 47.11
 Very good or excellent 11 25.00 7 18.92 11 55.00 29 28.93
  1. aClinical characteristics (included diagnosis, suicidal behaviors and triage priority level): only for brief intervention and crisis center team patients (n = 81)
  2. bThese results combined information from patient clinical records and the user questionnaire (i.e. Did you have any problems with alcohol or drug consumption in the past 12 months?) We found 9 people who identified SUD from the user questionnaire only, 1 SUD from patient clinical records only, and 4 SUD from both sources