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Table 7 Odds ratio estimates for being surgically treated after the introduction of the Stockholm value-based reimbursement program (STHLM-VBRP)

From: A pain relieving reimbursement program? Effects of a value-based reimbursement program on patient reported outcome measures

Effect Point Estimate 95% Confidence Limits p-value
Age 1 0.997 1.003 0.9302
Female 0.992 0.911 1.080 0.8535
Comorbidity level (CCI) 1.133 1.069 1.201 <.0001
Low educational level 0.977 0.879 1.085 0.6601
Annual income 1 1 1 <.0001
Born outside of Europe 1.596 1.388 1.834 <.0001
  1. Note: CCI Charlson comorbidity index, Low educational level refers to patients that have not finished secondary education
  2. Odds ratio estimates for being surgically treated after the introduction of the value-based reimbursement program as regards to patient characteristics. Odds ratios above 1.0 indicate a higher odds of being surgically treated after the introduction of the value-based reimbursement program in that category than in the reference group, whereas odds ratios below 1.0 indicates a lower odds of being surgically treated