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Table 3 Referrals by specialty required

From: Surgical referrals in Northern Tanzania: a prospective assessment of rates, preventability, reasons and patterns

  Facility Level referred out from
Specialist needed at referral Health Center
n (%)
District Hospital
n (%)
Regional Hospital
n (%)
Total
n (%)
Orthopedic surgeon 3 (10.3) 39 (13.9) 69 (30.1) 111 (21.0)
Urologist 1 (3.4) 32 (4.6) 33 (14.4) 66 (12.5)
Neurosurgeon 0 (0.0) 13 (4.6) 25 (10.9) 38 (7.2)
Other specialist 8 (27.6) 22 (7.8) 3 (1.3) 33 (6.2)
Oncologist 2 (6.9) 12 (4.3) 15 (6.6) 29 (5.5)
Pediatrician 1 (3.4) 24 (8.5) 4 (1.7) 29 (5.5)
General surgeon 1 (3.4) 12 (4.3) 15 (6.6) 28 (5.3)
Obstetrician/Gynecologist 1 (3.4) 18 (6.4) 4 (1.7) 23 (4.3)
Cardiologist 1 (3.4) 16 (5.7) 4 (1.7) 21 (4.0)
Pediatric surgeon 0 (0.0) 8 (2.8) 13 (5.7) 21 (4.0)
Other surgical specialist 4 (13.8) 12 (4.3) 13 (5.7) 19 (3.6)
Otolaryngologist 1 (3.4) 9 (3.2) 7 (3.1) 17 (3.2)
Gastroenterologist 0 (0.0) 10 (3.6) 1 (0.4) 11 (2.1)
Physician 1 (3.4) (1.4) 6 (2.6) 11 (2.1)
Anesthesiologist 0 (0.0) 7 (2.5) 2 (0.9) 9 (1.7)
Hematologist 1 (3.4) 5 (1.8) 3 (1.3) 9 (1.7)
Neurologist 2 (6.9) 6 (2.1) 1 (0.4) 9 (1.7)
Ophthalmologist 0 (0.0) 5 (1.8) 2 (0.9) 7 (1.3)
Intensivist 0 (0.0) 5 (1.8) 1 (0.4) 6 (1.1)
Dermatologist 0 (0.0) 2 (0.7) 3 (1.3) 5 (0.9)
Infectious Disease specialist 1 (3.4) 4 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 5 (0.9)
Cardiothoracic surgeon 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 2 (0.9) 3 (0.6)
Endocrinologist 1 (3.4) 2 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.6)
Second surgeon opinion 0 (0.0) 3 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.6)
Dental specialist (maxillofacial surgery) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 2 (0.9) 3 (0.6)
Plastic surgeon 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 1 (0.4) 2 (0.4)
Psychiatrist 0 (0.0) 2 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.4)
Thoracic surgeon 1 (0.0) 2 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.4)
Missing data 2 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)
Nephrologist 3 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)
Physiotherapist 4 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)
Pulmonologist 5 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)
Total 29 (100.0) 281 (100.0) 229 (100.0) 529 (100.0)