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Table 3 Availability of equipment and medicines found in ambulances. This is a comparison of ambulances run by varying levels of health care providers including hospitals and stand-alone pre-hospital provider (PHP)

From: The state of emergency medical services and acute health facility care in Uganda: findings from a National Cross-Sectional Survey

   Level of health facility that manages ambulance (8) Stand-alone PHP
n (%)
Equipment and Medicines (5) Referral Hospital
n (%)
(20) District Hospital
n (%)
(17) Health Centers
n (%)
Ambulance equipment and emergency medicine available Epinephrine (%) 1 (20.0) 9 (45.0) 5 (29.4) 1 (12.5)
IV fluids (%) 1 (20.0) 12 (60.0) 5 (29.4) 5 (62.5)
Tranexamic acid (%) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (12.5)
Salbutamol (%) 0 (0.0) 6 (30.0) 4 (23.5) 3 (37.5)
Pain medication (%) 0 (0.0) 2 (10.0) 2 (11.8) 1 (12.5)
Airway management equipment Suction device (%) 0 (0.0) 5 (25.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (50.0)
Non-rebreather face mask (%) 0 (0.0) 4 (20.0) 1 (5.9) 4 (50.0)
Tongue depressor (%) 1 (20.0) 4 (20.0) 1 (5.9) 1 (12.5)
Nasopharyngeal airway (%) 0 (0.0) 5 (25.0) 1 (5.9) 6 (75.0)
Oropharyngeal airway (%) 1 (20.0) 3 (15.0) 1 (5.9) 4 (50.0)
Advanced life support equipment Vital signs monitor (%) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.0) 1 (5.9) 0 (0.0)
ECG (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Defibrillator (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Intubation set (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)