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Table 3 Comparisons of patient safety culture dimensions between units

From: Nurses’ perceptions of patient safety culture: a mixed-methods study

Safety culture dimensionsInternal Medicine
(n = 26)
General Surgery
(n = 34)
Emergency
(n = 49)
p
1. Frequency of event reporting53.9% (41.2)42.2% (41.2)38.8% (40.4).312
2. Overall perceptions of safety26.9% (22.3)36.0% (26.2)24.5% (28.2).139
3. Supervisor/manager expectations and actions promoting safety50.0% (32.4)48.5% (33.1)47.5% (35.1).953
4. Organizational learning—continuous improvement51.3% (30.2)52.0% (35.0)31.3% (32.2).007
5. Teamwork within hospital units74.0% (27.8)83.1% (25.2)53.1% (37.4)< .001
6. Communication openness52.6% (34.2)52.9% (33.9)41.5% (34.3).235
7. Feedback and communication about error35.9% (28.2)32.4% (33.3)23.8% (27.2).190
8. Non-punitive response to error32.1% (30.5)44.1% (34.5)36.7% (28.2).308
9. Staffing12.5% (14.6)16.9% (18.2)13.3% (14.5).479
10. Hospital management support for patient safety26.9% (32.7)15.7% (23.5)15.0% (28.9).191
11. Teamwork across hospital units55.8% (31.9)44.1% (33.2)43.9% (35.2).304
12. Handoffs and transitions64.4% (28.4)58.1% (29.3)51.5% (32.0).210
  1. Tukey post-hoc contrast: differences between Emergency and Internal Medicine (p = .035) and between Emergency and General Surgery (p = .015)
  2. Tukey post-hoc contrast: differences between Emergency and Internal Medicine (p = .021) and between Emergency and General Surgery (p < .001)