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Table 1 Baseline demographics

From: Home visits by community health workers in rural South Africa have a limited, but important impact on maternal and child health in the first two years of life

  Standard care (SC)
N = 313
Home visiting (HV)
N = 157
All mothers
N = 470
Demographic characteristics
 Mean age (SD) 24.9 (7.6) 24.8 (6.3) 24.9 (7.2)
 Adolescents* 20% 10% 16%
 Mean highest education level (SD) 8.6 (2.3) 8.8 (2.6) 8.6 (2.4)
 Employed 4% 3% 4%
 Live with father or in-laws 34% 33% 33%
 Number of people in household (SD) 5.9 (2.8) 5.8 (3.3) 5.87 (2.9)
 Monthly household income >R2000 (US$208 in 2013) 48% 50% 48%
 Water tank on site 18% 13% 16%
 Electricity** 21% 4% 16%
Maternal health
 Primipara 40% 38% 40%
 HIV Seropositive* 26% 35% 29%
  1. Note. P-values based on mixed linear (continuous) and logistic (binary) regressions using random intercepts for mothers
  2. * p < .05; ** p < .01