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Table 2 Bivariate associations between positive attitude toward ambulatory TB treatment and participant characteristics (N = 1083)

From: Knowledge and attitudes towards ambulatory treatment of tuberculоsis in Kazakhstan

 Positive attitude toward ambulatory TB treatment (full or combined with hospitalization)a
TotalTB casesHousehold controlsCommunity controls
(N = 1083)(N = 387)(N = 342)(N = 354)
Characteristicn%p-valuen%p-valuen%p-valuen%p-value
Gender
 Male13423.30.2285928.50.6873931.00.3173620.70.331
 Female13426.4 4826.7 5625.9 3016.7 
Age, in years (Mean [SD])
 18–297724.40.9114528.50.8971823.10.7191417.50.969
 30–396925.6 2526.3 2529.4 1921.1 
 40–495422.9 1624.2 2226.2 1618.6 
 50–595025.4 1629.6 2230.1 1217.1 
  ≥ 601828.1 535.7 836.4 517.9 
Ethnicity
 Kazakh17825.50.7616926.60.8186829.80.4724119.30.906
 Russian5323.5 2329.9 1522.7 1518.1 
 Others3723.4 1529.4 1225.0 1016.9 
Marital status
 Married18024.10.4606527.00.7027628.60.5403916.30.093
 Single8826.2 4228.8 1925.0 2723.7 
Level of educationb
 Primary and secondary school2222.20.121720.60.131822.90.726723.30.509
 High school8621.5 3724.2 3025.4 1914.7 
 Vocational education10428.8 4535.2 3730.6 2219.6 
 Higher education5625.1 1825.0 2029.4 1821.7 
Current employment status
 Employed15924.10.5336026.20.4436028.70.6303917.60.500
 Unemployed10925.8 4729.7 3526.3 2720.5 
Currently in debtc
 No17926.20.1453928.70.7393020.80.0142016.70.494
 Yes8922.3 6827.1 6532.8 4619.7 
Region
 Almaty city2720.3< 0.0011119.6< 0.001721.20.001920.50.002
 Almaty oblast17834.0 7238.9 6337.1 4325.4 
 Kostanay oblast6314.8 2416.4 2518.0 149.9 
High level of family supportd
 No7336.0< 0.0012639.40.0192740.30.0112028.60.017
 Yes19522.2 8125.2 6824.7 4616.2 
High level of friend supporte
 No9226.90.2643325.60.5203732.50.1722222.20.281
 Yes17623.8 7428.7 5825.4 4417.3 
High level of support from significant otherf
 No6234.60.0012138.20.0592336.50.0871829.50.017
 Yes20622.8 8625.9 7225.8 4816.4 
Tuberculosis knowledge
 Insufficient9620.30.0033225.60.5344024.50.2022413.00.004
 Sufficient17228.2 7528.6 5530.7 4224.9 
  1. a Positive attitude toward ambulatory TB treatment is indicated by responses of “TB patients should be treated in hospital and then continue treatment at home” or “TB patients should be treated at home” to a question about how a newly diagnosed person with TB should be treated
  2. b “Primary and secondary school” reflect schooling up to grade 9, whereas “high school” reflects grades 10–11
  3. c Assessed with the question: “Are you currently in debt?”
  4. d High level of support is indicated by a score of 6 or more on the Family Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support
  5. e High level of support is indicated by a score of 6 or more on the Friends Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support
  6. f High level of support is indicated by a score of 6 or more on the Significant Other Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support