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Table 1 Socio-demographic and other characteristics of the study population (N = 1083)

From: Knowledge and attitudes towards ambulatory treatment of tuberculоsis in Kazakhstan

 TotalTB casesHousehold controlsCommunity controls
(N = 1083)(N = 387)(N = 342)(N = 354)
Characteristicn%n%n%n%
Gender
 Male50746.820753.512636.817449.2
 Female57653.218046.521663.218050.8
Age, in years (Mean [SD])39.0 [13.1]35.5 [12.8]40.9 [12.8]41.1 [12.8]
 18–2931629.215840.87822.88022.6
 30–3927024.99524.58524.99025.4
 40–4923621.86617.18424.68624.3
 50–5919718.25414.07321.37019.8
  ≥ 60645.9143.62264.0287.9
Ethnicity
 Kazakh69964.525966.922866.721259.9
 Russian22620.97719.96619.38323.4
 Others15814.65113.24814.05916.7
Marital status
 Married74769.024162.326677.824067.8
 Single33631.014637.77622.211432.2
Level of educationa
 Primary and secondary school999.1348.83510.2308.5
 High school40036.915339.511834.512936.4
 Vocational education36133.312833.112135.411231.6
 Higher education22320.67218.66819.98323.4
Current employment status
 Employed66060.922959.220961.122262.7
 Unemployed42339.115840.813338.913237.3
Currently in debtb
 No68363.125164.919857.923466.1
 Yes40036.913635.114442.112033.9
Region
 Almaty city13312.35614.5339.64412.4
 Almaty oblast52448.418547.817049.716947.7
 Kostanay oblast42639.314637.713940.614139.8
High level of family supportc
 No20318.76617.16719.67019.8
 Yes88081.332182.927580.428480.2
High level of friend supportd
 No34231.612933.311433.39928.0
 Yes74168.425866.722866.725572.0
High level of support from significant othere
 No17916.55514.26318.46117.2
 Yes90483.533285.827981.629382.8
Tuberculosis knowledge
 Insufficient47343.712532.316347.718552.3
 Sufficient61056.326267.717952.316947.7
Attitude toward ambulatory TB treatmentf
 Negative81575.328072.424772.228881.4
 Positive26824.710727.69527.86618.6
  1. a “Primary and secondary school” reflect schooling up to grade 9, whereas “high school” reflects grades 10–11
  2. b Assessed with the question: “Are you currently in debt?”
  3. c High level of support is indicated by a score of 6 or more on the Family Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support
  4. d High level of support is indicated by a score of 6 or more on the Friends Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support
  5. e High level of support is indicated by a score of 6 or more on the Significant Other Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support
  6. f Positive attitude toward ambulatory TB treatment is indicated by responses of “TB patients should be treated in hospital and then continue treatment at home” or “TB patients should be treated at home” to a question about how a newly diagnosed person with TB should be treated