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Table 2 Basic characteristics of PIVAS

From: Construction situation, costs and charges associated with pharmacy intravenous admixture services: multi-center cross-sectional survey based on 137 medical institutions in mainland China

Variable Percentage (n/total)/Mean ± SD
RegionEastern China56.2% (77/137)
Western China27.0% (37/137)
Central China16.8% (23/137)
Hospital levelLevel III Grade A hospital74.5% (102/137)
Level III Grade B hospital13.9% (19/137)
Level II Grade A hospital11.7% (16/137)
Number of PIVAS181.8% (112/137)
216.8% (23/137)
≥31.4% (2/137)
Number of beds0–50022.6% (31/137)
501–100027.0% (37/137)
1001–150025.5% (35/137)
1501–200013.9% (19/137)
2001–25005.1% (7/137)
≥25015.8% (8/137)
PIVAS daily average infusion volume (bag)0–100029.9% (41/137)
1001–200026.3% (36/137)
2001–300013.9% (19/137)
3001–400015.3% (21/137)
≥400114.6% (20/137)
Management modePharmacy management separately65.0% (89/137)
Pharmacist nurse co-manage10.2% (14/137)
Pharmacy-based, nursing department-assisted24.8% (34/137)