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Table 4 Instruments used to reduce programme costs

From: Decommissioning in a local healthcare system in Sweden: responses to fiscal stress

Frequency of instruments used for reducing programme costs Expected (aggregate) savings, presented in million SEK
Introduce or increase user fees for service and transports, used 18 times 44.6
Specified for 17 of 18 instruments
Limit service hours, used eight times 18.6
Perform less to match current staffing levels, used seven times 47
Terminate programmes, used seven times 25.6
Close service units and facilities, used three times 23
Reduce variety of service tasks or standardised service forms and content of service tasks, used three times 1.8
Substitution of services or treatment to reduce costs, used four times 5.2
  Total 165.8