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Table 1 The delivery of the community-based diabetes management services in Shandong, China

From: Factors associated with the utilization of community-based diabetes management care: A cross-sectional study in Shandong Province, China

CharacteristicTotalUrbanRuralP-value
Types of PHIs providing the community-based diabetes management services, n (%), Column
 Township-level PHIs8 (12.7)4 (14.3)4 (14.3)0.17
 Village-level PHIs55 (87.3)24 (85.7)31 (88.6) 
 Number of health workers per 1000 population serviced by PHIs, mean ± SD1.46 ± 0.921.40 ± 0.801.51 ± 1.030.96
 Healthcare providers knowledge score on diabetes management delivery in PHIs, mean ± SD15.1 ± 1.115.3 ± 1.314.9 ± 1.00.34
The community-based diabetes management services provided by PHIs, n (%), Row
 Dietary control instruction63 (100)28 (100)35 (100)
 Physical excise instruction63 (100)28 (100)35 (100)
 Medicine use guide63 (100)28 (100)35 (100)
 Blood glucose test63 (100)28 (100)35 (100)
  1. PHIs, primary health institutions; Township-level PHIs included the community health centers in the urban areas and the township health centers in rural areas; Village-level PHIs included the community health stations in urban areas and the village clinics in rural areas; SD, standard deviation
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