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Table 1 Socio demographic and mental health characteristics of adults with and without probable depression in Sehore sub-district, India, 2013–2016

From: Health care use and treatment-seeking for depression symptoms in rural India: an exploratory cross-sectional analysis

CharacteristicAdults with probable depression,
N (%)
Adults without probable depression,
N (%)
Gender
Female321 (53.8)1589 (43.9)
Male247 (46.2)1942 (56.1)
Age group, years
18–2998 (17.5)1138 (32.8)
30–49248 (44.1)1514 (43.0)
50–90222 (38.4)879 (24.2)
Education level completed
Less than primary419 (74.1)2017 (56.8)
Primary129 (22.4)1124 (32.8)
Secondary or more20 (3.5)390 (10.5)
Employment status
Unemployed20 (4.2)53 (1.7)
Productive non-income241 (38.5)1401 (34.0)
Low income277 (51.9)1785 (52.4)
High income30 (5.4)289 (7.9)
Religion
Hindu525 (92.1)3180 (89.8)
Muslim43 (7.9)350 (10.2)
Christian0 (0)1 (0.0)
Caste
Scheduled Caste101 (15.8)516 (14.2)
Scheduled Tribe25 (4.2)140 (4.0)
Other Backwards Caste393 (71.0)2503 (71.1)
General49 (9.1)372 (10.7)
Marital status
Single32 (6.4)375 (10.9)
Married461 (81.7)2953 (83.9)
Widowed/Separated/Divorced75 (11.9)213 (5.3)
Current depression severity (PHQ-9 score)
Moderate (10–14)450 (77.9)0 (0.0)
Moderately severe (15–19)107 (20.1)0 (0.0)
Severe (≥20)11 (2.0)0 (0.0)
Depression-related symptoms reported on more than 7 days in past 2 weeks
Tiredness/lack of energy450 (79.2)842 (23.3)
Feeling depressed or hopeless371 (63.3)255 (7.5)
Sleep problems333 (58.1)347 (9.8)
Lack of interest or pleasure289 (53.3)175 (5.5)
Appetite problems293 (49.9)282 (8.2)
Lack of concentration229 (40.3)155 (4.5)
Low self-esteem/feeling like a failure123 (22.5)38 (1.2)
Slow movements/restlessness119 (22.2)47 (1.3)
Thoughts of death/self-harm37 (7.4)3 (0.0)
  1. Counts reported as observed, percentages are design adjusted