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Table 1 Number (percentage) of claimants receiving payments for each specific health service categories by descriptive category

From: Medical and allied health service use during acute and chronic post-injury periods in whiplash injured individuals

 Total TAC claimants
N (column %)
Allied Health ServicesMedical Services
  PhysiotherapyChiropracticOsteopathyPsychologistOTGPMedical specialistEmergency servicesRadiology
Total (row percentage)37,3158087 (21.7%)2521 (6.8%)1233 (3.3%)1386 (3.7%)745 (2.0%)15,443 (41.4%)15,854 (42.5%)27,919 (74.8%)21,975 (58.9%)
Sex
 Male13,122 (35.2%)2416 (18.4%)741 (5.6%)273 (2.1%)371 (2.8%)188 (1.4%)5444 (41.5%)5744 (43.8%)10,014 (76.3%)7881 (60.1%)
 Female24,182 (64.8%)5669 (23.4%)1778 (7.4%)959 (4.0%)1015 (4.2%)557 (2.3%)9996 (41.3%)10,107 (41.8%)17,900 (74.0%)14,088 (58.3%)
Missing N=11221003356
z statistic (Mann-Whitney U), p, ra z = −11.3, p < .001, r = 0.13z = −6.3, p < .001, r = 0.13z = −9.7, p < .001, r = 0.28z = −6.7, p < .001, r = 0.18z = −5.7, p < .001, r = 0.21z = − 0.30, p < .777, r = 0.00z = − 3.7, p < .001, r = 0.03z = − 4.9, p < .001, r = 0.03z = − 3.4, p < .001, r = 0.02
Age
 18–248981 (24.1%)1022 (11.4%)424 (4.7%)168 (1.9%)147 (1.6%)57 (0.6%)3326 (37.0%)3692 (41.1%)7488 (83.4%)5411 (60.2%)
 25–348632 (23.1%)1791 (20.7%)652 (7.6%)347 (4.0%)268 (3.1%)136 (1.6%)3259 (37.8%)3612 (41.8%)6480 (75.1%)4824 (55.9%)
 35–447269 (19.5%)1910 (26.3%)624 (8.9%)313 (4.3%)390 (5.4%)221 (3.0%)3212 (44.2%)3064 (42.2%)5118 (70.4%)4206 (57.9%)
 45–545941 (15.9%)1688 (28.4%)449 (7.6%)222 (3.7%)322 (5.4%)163 (2.7%)2707 (45.6%)2649 (44.6%)4177 (70.3%)3576 (60.2%)
 55–643676 (9.9%)1058 (28.8%)252 (6.9%)114 (3.1%)179 (4.9%)99 (2.7%)1714 (46.6%)1611 (43.8%)2528 (68.8%)2233 (60.7%)
  > 652816 (7.5%)618 (21.9%)120 (4.3%)69 (2.5%)80 (2.8%)69 (2.5%)1225 (43.5%)1226 (43.5%)2128 (75.6%)1725 (61.3%)
Chi-squared (χ2) (Kruskal-Wallis H), p, ε2a χ2 = 924.1, p < .001, ε2 = 0.11χ2 = 140.3, p < .001, ε2 = 0.06χ2 = 104.8, p < .001, ε2 = 0.09χ2 = 240.8, p < .001, ε2 = 0.17χ2 = 162.4, p < .001, ε2 = 0.22χ2 = 230.1, p < .001, ε2 = 0.01χ2 = 23.5, p < .001, ε2 = 0.00χ2 = 560.8, p < .001, ε2 = 0.02χ2 = 58.1, p < .001, ε2 = 0.00
Area of residence
 Major cities28,381 (76.1%)6804 (24.0%)2049 (7.2%)1032 (3.6%)1166 (4.1%)632 (2.2%)11,080 (39.0%)13,343 (47.0%)20,489 (72.2%)16,147 (56.9%)
 Inner regional7410 (19.9%)1049 (14.2%)402 (5.4%)175 (2.4%)189 (2.6%)103 (1.4%)3496 (47.2%)2141 (28.9%)6183 (83.4%)4850 (65.5%)
 Outer regional1216 (3.3%)162 (13.3%)51 (4.2%)16 (1.3%)24 (2.0%)7 (0.6%)706 (58.1%)272 (22.4%)1020 (83.9%)804 (66.1%)
 Remote30 (0.1%)8 (26.7%)5 (16.7%)1 (3.3%)14 (46.7%)9 (30.0%)22 (73.3%)14 (46.7%)
 Very remote5 (−)1 (20.0%)1 (20.0%)3 (60.0%)1 (20.0%)4 (80.0%)1 (20.0%)
 Missing273631487314488201159
 Chi-squared (χ2) (Kruskal-Wallis H), p, ε2a χ2 = 385.6, p < .001, ε2 = 0.05χ2 = 48.1, p < .001, ε2 = 0.02χ2 = 49.8, p < .001, ε2 = 0.04χ2 = 51.9, p < .001, ε2 = 0.04χ2 = 34.8, p < .001, ε2 = 0.05χ2 = 307.4, p < .001, ε2 = 0.02χ2 = 1002.2, p < .001, ε2 = 0.06χ2 = 449.5, p < .001, ε2 = 0.02χ2 = 209.7, p < .001, ε2 = 0.01
Common law lodged
 Yes1407 (3.8%)1016 (72.2%)183 (13.0%)72 (5.1%)318 (22.6%)157 (11.1%)890 (63.2%)729 (51.8%)362 (25.7%)872 (62.0%)
 No35,908 (96.2%)7071 (19.7%)2338 (6.5%)1161 (3.2%)1068 (3.0%)588 (1.6%)14,553 (40.5%)15,125 (42.1%)27,557 (76.7%)21,103 (58.8%)
z statistic (Mann-Whitney U), p, ra z = −46.9, p < .001, r = 0.52z = −9.5, p < .001, r = 0.19z = −3.9, p < .001, r = 0.11z = −38.2, p < .001, r = 1.03z = −25.0, p < .001, 0.92z = −17.0, p < .001, r = 0.14z = −7.2, p < .001, r = 0.06z = −43.2, p < .001, r = 0.26z = −2.4, p < .016, r = 0.02
  1. a r is the effect size and ε2 (epsilon squared) is the estimate of effect size