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Table 7 Pain caused by the cannula insertion (Q3) expressed by the children on a scale of 1–5

From: Measuring patient experiences in a Children’s hospital with a medical clowning intervention: a case-control study

How much did the cannula insertion hurt? (n, in brackets %)Intervention group (n = 38)Reference group (n = 32)
None or little (1–2)26 (68)25 (78)
Moderate (3)8 (21)3 (9)
Much or very much (4–5)4 (11)4 (13)
Average2.01.8
STD1.21.3