Skip to main content

Table 3 Adjusted Odds Ratios of Seven Outcomes in Four States in India, by Type of CHW Visitab

From: Remuneration systems of community health workers in India and promoted maternal health outcomes: a cross-sectional study

 Andhra PradeshChhattisgarhOdishaUttar Pradesh
 ASHAsAWWsASHAsAWWsASHAsAWWsASHAsAWWs
 Adjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Institutional Deliveryn = 698n = 664n = 845n = 665
0.04***0.311.610.810.961.261.310.96
(0.01–0.16)(0.07–1.46)(0.75–3.43)(0.48–1.36)(0.60–1.54)(0.71–2.26)(0.66–2.63)(0.55–1.68)
Complete Immunizationn = 637n = 488n = 113n = 622
1.790.571.004.82**0.771.801.741.33
(0.48–6.61)(0.21–1.54)(1.00–1.00)(1.50–15.46)(0.10–6.10)(0.02–151.81)(0.66–4.60)(0.62–2.83)
Exclusive Breastfeeding for First 6 Monthsn = 698n = 664n = 870n = 665
0.621.710.23*0.680.55**1.040.591.66
(0.18–2.16)(0.87–3.38)(0.06–0.84)(0.36–1.28)(0.36–0.84)(0.64–1.67)(0.24–1.47)(0.86–3.22)
Timely Introduction of Complementary Feedingn = 652n = 663n = 869n = 658
0.17***1.372.200.610.641.190.961.05
(0.05–0.57)(0.70–2.67)(0.59–8.18)(0.34–1.10)(0.37–1.12)(0.61–2.34)(0.45–2.05)(0.64–1.74)
Continued Breastfeeding During Child’s Illnessn = 223n = 389n = 300n = 197
1.000.330.732.06*0.620.930.570.98
(1.00–1.00)(0.09–1.27)(0.27–1.93)(1.10–3.85)(0.32–1.21)(0.41–2.13)(0.16–2.00)(0.49–1.95)
Handwashingn = 698n = 664n = 870n = 665
1.410.40*1.371.351.291.65*1.660.86
(0.22–8.93)(0.17–0.94)(0.82–2.29)(0.82–2.22)(0.81–2.08)(1.05–2.60)(0.50–5.54)(0.52–1.43)
Awareness of NHDsn = 698n = 664n = 870n = 665
0.11***9.41***1.371.78*1.74*2.50***0.382.24**
(0.03–0.37)(3.85–23.00)(0.75–2.50)(1.06–2.96)(1.14–2.66)(1.61–3.90)(0.11–1.28)(1.24–4.04)
  1. a. the models were adjusted by multiple CHW visits, other CHW’s visits, house type, region type (urban, rural, tribal), sex of index child, total household size, the ratio of children under five years of age to the number of adult females in the household, highest education level completed by any adult in the household, mother’s age, and mother’s employment status
  2. b. ASHAs and AWWs are binary variables. ASHAs represents a mother who was visited by an ASHA (yes/no). AWWs represents a mother who was visited by an AWW (yes/no)
  3. *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01, ***p ≤ 0.001.