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Table 4 Expenditure changes of pilot hospital every quarter after baseline

From: Short-term and long-term unintended impacts of a pilot reform on Beijing’s zero markup drug policy: a propensity score-matched study

  Total expenditures per visit OOP Drugs Medical services Medical consumables Diagnostic tests Nursing services Management services
2012Q1–3 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
2012Q4 −4.2% 0.4% −18.1% 21.4% 0.9% −3.0% −3.4% 3.9%
2013Q1 −8.6% −0.7% −25.9% 21.5% 0.5% −10.3% −15.5% −4.1%
2013Q2 −11.9% −2.4% −28.9% 21.4% −3.4% −13.3% −17.5% − 18.6%
2013Q3 −9.6% −2.7% −26.2% 26.0% −4.0% −6.4% −13.4% −20.1%
2013Q4 −13.9% −3.7% −36.9% 20.2% −1.7% −11.2% −20.6% − 16.2%
2014Q1 −5.2% 1.6% −26.2% 29.6% 1.2% 3.5% −12.7% 0.6%
2014Q2 −7.6% 1.7% −33.8% 27.6% 4.5% 1.5% −15.6% − 10.8%
2014Q3 −3.7% 5.7% −30.6% 31.2% 10.8% 2.7% −15.3% −10.3%
2014Q4 0.9% 12.3% −29.5% 39.6% 17.7% 6.5% −10.8% −1.7%
2015Q1 −3.2% 8.8% −33.3% 31.6% 11.5% 7.4% −16.7% 2.1%
2015Q2 −3.2% 10.7% −37.8% 30.6% 17.8% 6.4% −17.6% −7.5%
2015Q3 −6.9% 5.4% −37.4% 25.1% 10.0% 4.6% −17.8% −14.9%
2015Q4 0.0% 16.6% −36.1% 34.8% 22.6% 9.6% −17.9% −6.9%