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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Cost-related medication nonadherence among over-indebted individuals enrolled in statutory health insurance in Germany: a cross-sectional population study

  CRNb
Total sample
(n = 604)a
Yes
(n = 203)
No
(n = 401)
Diff. between groupsc
Variablesn%n%n%p-value
Age      0.173
 18–29 years10717.74120.26616.5 
 30–49 years30350.210752.719648.9 
 50–64 years15625.84723.210927.2 
 65–79 years386.383.9307.5 
 Missing00.000.000.0 
Gender      0.023
 Female34857.613064.021854.4 
 Male25642.47336.018345.6 
 Missing00.000.000.0 
Migrant background      0.923
 No34356.811657.122756.6 
 Yes22537.37637.414937.2 
 Missing366.0115.4256.2 
Marital status      0.119d
 Married13121.73416.79724.2 
 Previously married23238.48340.914937.2 
 Never married23438.78541.914937.2 
 Missing71.210.561.5 
Number of children      0.668d
 No children17629.15828.611829.4 
 1 child13322.04823.68521.2 
 2 children15425.55426.610024.9 
 3 or more children13722.74321.29423.4 
 Missing40.700.041.0 
Education level      0.209d
 Low27345.210049.317343.1 
 Medium30450.39546.820952.1 
 High264.373.4194.7 
 Missing10.210.500.0 
Employment status      0.964d
 Employed30750.810250.220551.1 
 Unemployed28747.59848.318947.1 
 Missing101.731.571.7 
Chronic illness      < 0.001
 No21535.65125.116440.9 
 Yes36460.314370.422155.1 
 Missing254.194.4164.0 
Communication about financial problems with GP      0.044
 No41668.913566.528170.1 
 Yes12721.05326.17418.5 
 Missing6110.1157.44611.5 
  1. aLogistic regression analysis included individuals with complete covariate and outcome data only (n = 521)
  2. bCRN: Any cost-related medication nonadherence in the last 12 months
  3. cDifferences between groups examined by chi-squared test or Fisher’s exact testd