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Table 4 Characteristics and scores of the respondents

From: Evaluation of safety attitudes of hospitals and the effects of demographic factors on safety attitudes: a psychometric validation of the safety attitudes and safety climate questionnaire

CharacteristicsN (%)TWSCJCSRPMWCTOTAL
Sex
 male566 (25.84%)4.14 (0.61)4.03 (0.57)4.23 (0.65)2.62 (1.06)4.14 (0.65)4.04 (0.67)3.96 (0.50)
 female1624 (74.16%)4.22 (0.61)4.09 (0.59)4.26 (0.68)2.85 (1.07)4.22 (0.60)4.04 (0.66)4.04 (0.50)
p < 0.05< 0.050.457< 0.05< 0.050.882< 0.05
Age
 < =30863 (39.41%)4.25 (0.59)4.12 (0.58)4.29 (0.66)2.87 (1.07)4.27 (0.60)4.13 (0.65)4.08 (0.50)
 31–501182 (53.97%)4.19 (0.61)4.06 (0.59)4.23 (0.68)2.73 (1.08)4.17 (0.62)4.00 (0.67)4.00 (0.50)
 > =51145 (6.62%)3.96 (0.65)3.93 (0.59)4.14 (0.63)2.79 (0.96)4.03 (0.62)3.88 (0.61)3.87 (0.52)
p < 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05
Degree
 below bachelor363 (16.70%)4.08 (0.62)3.97 (0.57)4.16 (0.66)2.81 (1.08)4.13 (0.59)3.95 (0.64)3.94 (0.49)
 bachelor1113 (51.20%)4.21 (0.60)4.09 (0.59)4.26 (0.70)2.90 (1.07)4.21 (0.62)4.05 (0.66)4.04 (0.51)
 master559 (25.71%)4.25 (0.62)4.11 (0.59)4.29 (0.63)2.64 (1.05)4.22 (0.61)4.08 (0.66)4.04 (0.50)
 Dr./PhD139 (6.39%)4.23 (0.57)4.09 (0.54)4.21 (0.61)2.40 (1.03)4.23 (0.67)4.01 (0.72)3.98 (0.46)
p < 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.050.118< 0.05< 0.05
Occupation
 physician765 (35.11%)4.29 (0.58)4.14 (0.58)4.29 (0.64)2.73 (1.12)4.25 (0.62)4.10 (0.64)4.06 (0.49)
 pharmacist204 (9.36%)3.99 (0.63)3.91 (0.56)4.17 (0.70)2.58 (0.95)4.08 (0.60)3.85 (0.73)3.87 (0.49)
 nurse883 (40.52%)4.21 (0.59)4.09 (0.59)4.23 (0.68)2.95 (1.08)4.22 (0.60)4.07 (0.64)4.04 (0.51)
 technician291 (13.36%)4.10 (0.64)3.97 (0.57)4.25 (0.68)2.63 (0.96)4.12 (0.65)3.94 (0.70)3.93 (0.51)
 other36 (1.65%)4.31 (0.49)4.19 (0.48)4.26 (0.55)2.65 (1.00)4.31 (0.52)4.08 (0.61)4.07 (0.42)
p < 0.05< 0.050.151< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05
Function
 dean48 (2.22%)4.25 (0.58)4.06 (0.54)4.33 (0.60)3.10 (1.14)4.28 (0.53)4.02 (0.58)4.07 (0.45)
 head nurse61 (2.82%)4.21 (0.65)4.08 (0.53)4.30 (0.68)2.99 (1.05)4.23 (0.56)4.13 (0.58)4.08 (0.50)
 staff1943 (89.79%)4.21 (0.60)4.08 (0.59)4.26 (0.67)2.80 (1.08)4.20 (0.61)4.04 (0.67)4.02 (0.50)
 other112 (5.17%)4.13 (0.67)4.04 (0.62)4.12 (0.67)2.48 (0.90)4.19 (0.64)4.02 (0.64)3.94 (0.53)
p 0.6030.9010.127< 0.050.8830.7180.243
Technical title
 none222 (10.26%)4.18 (0.64)4.07 (0.57)4.22 (0.68)2.92 (1.11)4.25 (0.62)4.12 (0.66)4.04 (0.52)
 junior902 (41.70%)4.25 (0.58)4.13 (0.57)4.31 (0.65)2.80 (1.06)4.25 (0.60)4.10 (0.66)4.07 (0.49)
 intermediate720 (33.29%)4.13 (0.63)4.01 (0.62)4.17 (0.70)2.74 (1.07)4.13 (0.62)3.96 (0.66)3.95 (0.51)
 sub-senior216 (9.99%)4.25 (0.54)4.08 (0.53)4.26 (0.63)2.75 (1.10)4.20 (0.60)4.03 (0.67)4.02 (0.49)
 senior103 (4.76%)4.18 (0.62)4.05 (0.57)4.30 (0.66)2.89 (1.06)4.17 (0.63)4.02 (0.64)4.02 (0.51)
p < 0.05< 0.05< 0.050.198< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05
Years in unit
 < 3y586 (26.79%)4.22 (0.63)4.09 (0.58)4.29 (0.66)2.73 (1.05)4.26 (0.61)4.12 (0.66)4.05 (0.50)
 3-12y1149 (52.54%)4.21 (0.59)4.08 (0.58)4.24 (0.68)2.79 (1.08)4.19 (0.61)4.03 (0.66)4.02 (0.50)
  > 12y452 (20.67%)4.15 (0.62)4.03 (0.59)4.23 (0.67)2.86 (1.08)4.16 (0.62)3.97 (0.66)3.99 (0.51)
p 0.1590.1940.2470.146< 0.05< 0.050.156
Years at hospital
 < 3y446 (20.68%)4.25 (0.65)4.13 (0.60)4.33 (0.68)2.72 (1.01)4.31 (0.62)4.16 (0.67)4.08 (0.51)
 3-12y1144 (53.04%)4.22 (0.57)4.08 (0.57)4.24 (0.65)2.81 (1.09)4.18 (0.60)4.03 (0.66)4.02 (0.49)
  > 12y567 (26.29%)4.12 (0.64)4.01 (0.60)4.20 (0.70)2.83 (1.07)4.14 (0.62)3.95 (0.65)3.97 (0.52)
p < 0.05< 0.05< 0.050.224< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05
Weekly work time
 < =40 h270 (12.48%)4.18 (0.61)4.06 (0.55)4.26 (0.68)2.82 (0.95)4.25 (0.59)4.18 (0.64)4.04 (0.49)
 40-48 h1479 (68.34%)4.19 (0.61)4.07 (0.59)4.26 (0.67)2.81 (1.09)4.21 (0.61)4.03 (0.67)4.02 (0.51)
  > =56 h415 (19.18%)4.23 (0.58)4.09 (0.57)4.21 (0.66)2.68 (1.11)4.15 (0.64)3.99 (0.65)3.99 (0.49)
p 0.3720.7720.3820.0690.095< 0.050.373
Participation in training
 yes1465 (67.64%)4.27 (0.58)4.14 (0.57)4.30 (0.65)2.86 (1.08)4.25 (0.59)4.11 (0.63)4.08 (0.49)
 no701 (32.36%)4.05 (0.64)3.95 (0.59)4.13 (0.70)2.65 (1.05)4.09 (0.65)3.89 (0.70)3.89 (0.51)
p < 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05< 0.05
  1. TW means teamwork climate, SC means safety climate, JS means job satisfaction, SR means stress recognition, PM means perception of management, WC means work conditions, TOTAL means total scale. h means hour, m means month, y means year