Skip to main content

Table 2 Analysis made in four stages, combining different techniques

From: Dementia and patient safety in the community: a qualitative study of family carers’ protective practices and implications for services

Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4
Transcribing and first impressions Interim analysis Inductive coding Connecting codes and themes
• Interviews transcribed verbatim, usually before the next interview was conducted [48].
• Transcribing while listening shaped initial overall impressions and informed subsequent interviews [47, 48].
• Naïve reading gave an overview of within-case experiences and perspectives [46, 49].
• Memo-writing and the constant comparison method were used to track and elaborate differences and similarities between cases [45].
• Initial interpretative analysis conducted to understand different aspects: 1) describing how participants understood themselves, 2) interpreting the meaning of their narratives, 3) interpreting underlying and hidden interests, hidden agendas and using critical interpretation [44].
• Emerging themes were compared to earlier research.
• NVIVO (v. 11) was used to break the text into smaller units [48].
• Inductive, line-by-line coding resulted in 1383 descriptive and interpretive codes [45, 46].
• These were organized hierarchically in 53 main codes and numerous sub-codes [43].
• Codes were interpreted and abstracted into themes [46, 47]
• Mind-mapping in NVIVO connects codes to themes.
• Themes that integrated impressions from earlier phases were followed [43].
• A high-level theme of “protecting the person with dementia from harm” was identified.
• Codes within that theme were categorized into 4 protective practices described by participants, related to potential physical, economic, emotional and relational harm.