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Table 4 Probit regression and contributions to inequality in outpatient visit in 2005 and 2009, men

From: Inequality in outpatient resource utilization among older adults during the 2007–2008 financial crisis: findings from Taiwan

variable 2005 2009
coefficient elasticity Corrected CI contribution coefficient elasticity Corrected CI contribution
Lpinco - 0.0758 - 0.2562 0.0464 - 0.0476 0.0159 0.0559 0.0634 0.0142
Age group (ref = 75+)
 65–74 - 0.2248* - 0.0491 - 0.0045 0.0009 - 0.1445 - 0.0320 - 0.0733 0.0094
Marital status (Ref = unmarried)
 Married 0.2970** 0.0858 0.0343 0.0118 0.2039 0.0611 0.0204 0.0050
Education Level (ref: informal education or illiterate)
 Elementary education 0.3877** 0.0648 - 0.1468 - 0.0380 - 0.0517 - 0.0093 - 0.3138 0.0117
 Junior high school or above 0.4486** 0.0554 0.6494 0.1440 0.0077 0.0012 0.5377 0.0026
Self-reposted health (ref: fair)
 Good - 0.1742 - 0.0109 0.1653 - 0.0072 - 0.2401 - 0.0132 0.1157 - 0.0061
 Bad 0.2450* 0.0542 - 0.0759 - 0.0165 - 0.0450 - 0.0097 - 0.0736 0.0029
Chronic disease (Ref = without)
 With chronic disease 0.4884*** 0.0795 0.0495 0.0158 0.2321* 0.0446 - 0.0144 - 0.0026
Mobility (ref: without mobile difficulty)
 With any mobile difficulty 0.2982** 0.0442 - 0.1109 - 0.0196 0.4926*** 0.0652 - 0.0519 - 0.0135
Depress (ref: without, CES-D scoring under 10
 With 0.0571 0.0035 - 0.1278 - 0.0018 0.1264 0.0059 - 0.1216 - 0.0029
Do any exercise in past two weeks (ref: not)
 Doing any exercise 0.0309 0.0071 0.0856 0.0024 0.1562 0.0342 0.0910 0.0125
Location in Taiwan (ref: Central region)
 Eastern and offshore Islands - 0.5468** - 0.0065 - 0.3199 0.0083 0.1906 0.0022 - 0.1516 - 0.0013
 Northern - 0.0741 - 0.0111 0.1878 - 0.0084 0.0846 0.0133 0.1880 0.0100
 Southern - 0.2021 - 0.0214 - 0.0920 0.0079 0.0178 0.0020 - 0.0836 - 0.0007
Physician numbers per 10,000 populations in area a (Ref = 2)
 1 −0.2362* −0.0298 - 0.1353 0.0161 0.0361 0.0024 0.1118 0.0011
 3 −0.2903** −0.0322 0.3065 - 0.0394 0.1137 0.0196 0.1275 0.0100
  1. Outpatient visit: whether the participant had an outpatient visit in the past 1 month
  2. Ref: reference group
  3. Lpinco: log of equivalent income (TW$, 2009)
  4. aRatio: 1 for fewer than 70 physicians; 2 for 71–90 physicians; 3 for 91 or more physicians
  5. *Statistically significant at the 95% level (p < 0.05);
  6. **Statistically significant at the 99% level (p < 0.01);
  7. *** Statistically significant at the 99.9% level (p < 0.001)