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Table 2 Demographic and professional characteristics of the three samples in the study (2016 samples similar to [28])

From: Assessing safety climate in prehospital settings: testing psychometric properties of a common structural model in a cross-sectional and prospective study

Characteristics HEMS 12
N (%)
HEMS 16
N (%)
Ground 16
N (%)
Sample size 145 109 1045
Professional group
 EMT    544 (52)
 Paramedic    260 (25)
 Nurse EMT    146 (14)
 Nurse 6 (4)   40 (4)
 EMT Apprentice    24 (2)
 Other healthcare    25 (2)
 Administrative    6 (< 1)
 Physician 74 (51) 53 (49)  
 HCM 39 (27) 31 (28)  
 Pilot 26 (18) 25 (23)  
Regional health trust
 North 20 (14) 20 (18) 192 (18)
 Middle 32 (22) 23 (21) 202 (19)
 West 37 (26) 23 (21) 257 (25)
 South-East 52 (36) 42 (39) 394 (38)
 Other 4 (3) 1 (< 1)  
Prehospital seniority
 Less than 5 years 34 (23) 26 (24) 195 (19)
 6 to 10 years 39 (27) 26 (24) 259 (25)
 11 to 15 years 23 (16) 19 (17) 211 (20)
 16 to 20 years 22 (15) 27 (25) 180 (17)
 21 years or more 27 (19) 11 (10) 200 (19)
  1. HEMS 12 = HEMS sample 2012, HEMS 16 = HEMS sample 2016, Ground 16 = ground ambulance sample 2016, EMT = Emergency medical technician. ‘Nurse EMT’ represents nurses with authorization as an EMT. ‘Nurse’ represents nurses without authorization as an EMT. HCM = HEMS crew member