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Table 2 Provider and patient costs for TB screening, diagnosis and treatment

From: The cost-effectiveness of incentive-based active case finding for tuberculosis (TB) control in the private sector Karachi, Pakistan

Provider costs Average cost per patient (USD)
Active case finding arm Passive case finding arm
(N = 1858) (N = 859)
Personnel 59 (36%) 44 (44%)
Incentive 40 (24%) 0 (0%)
Diagnostic Test 11 (7%) 11(11%)
Anti TB Drugs 22 (13%) 22 (22%)
Supervision and Monitoring 18 (11%) 9 (9%)
Marketing and communication 4 (2%) 6 (6%)
Training 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Equipment 8 (5%) 8 (8%)
Mobile Xray Unit 2 (1%) 0 (0%)
Total provider cost per patient $164 $100
Patient – out of pocket expenditure Average cost per patient (USD)
Active case finding Passive case finding
(N = 84) (N = 45)
Before diagnosis
 No. of visits 2 5
 Consultation 0.36 (1%) 3.45 (9%)
 Test 1.6 (5%) 2.48 (6%)
 Medication 4.62 (15%) 10.44 (26%)
 Food and Transport 0.36 (1%) 3.19 (8%)
Diagnosis
 Consultation 0.42 (1%) 0 (0%)
 Test 1.55 (5%) 0.52 (1%)
 Medication 12.72 (41%) 1.33 (3%)
 Food and Transport 2.27 (7%) 3.03 (8%)
Treatment and follow up
 Consultation 0.69 (2%) 0 (0%)
 Test 0.6 (2%) 0 (0%)
 Medication 3.2 (10%) 4.21 (11%)
 Food and Transport 2.79 (9%) 11.73 (29%)
Subtotal direct cost $31 $40
Lost earnings $28 $31
Total cost per patient $59 $71
Total program cost per patient $223 $171