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Table 1 Sample characteristics for individuals included in Poisson FE regression analysis (n = 7299 observations – based on 3331 individuals)

From: Prevalence and determinants of dental visits among older adults: findings of a nationally representative longitudinal study

  N/Mean %/(SD)
Gender: Female 3594 49.2%
Education (ISCED-97): - Low 339 6.3%
 - Middle 2712 50.7%
 - High 2304 43.0%
Age in years 62.7 (10.9)
Marital status: Married, living together with spouse 5578 76.4%
Employment status:
 - Employed 2745 37.6%
 - Retired 3684 50.5%
 - Other: not employed 870 11.9%
Weight categories:
 - Underweight 27 0.4%
 - Normal weight 2782 38.1%
 - Overweight 3093 42.4%
 - Obesity 1397 19.1%
Number of physical illnesses 2.3 (1.8)
Self-rated health (1 = very good to 5 = very bad) 2.4 (0.8)
Absence of depression (CES-D < 18) 6876 94.2%
Loneliness (1 = low loneliness scores to 4 = high loneliness scores) 1.7 (0.5)
Number of dental visits 2.1 (1.8)
  1. Notes: N = number; SD = standard deviation. Underweight: BMI < 18.5 kg/m2, normal weight: 18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2, overweight: 25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2), and obese: BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2; CES-D = Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; Loneliness was quantified using the short version of the 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale. ISCED-97 was used to quantify education