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Table 2 Background variables and balance. Crude descriptive measures at baseline, for participants and their matched controls. If not otherwise marked, the point estimate is median and dispersion 5–95%-tile. All variables in the table were matching variables, except for the two Lead Days variables. The Patient-Centred Team (PACT)-study, Norway 2014–16

From: Person-centred, integrated and pro-active care for multi-morbid elderly with advanced care needs: a propensity score-matched controlled trial

   Controls Intervention p
Unit N Point estimate Dispersion N Point estimate Dispersion  
Sex (%) male 779 41% NA 439 41% NA 0.51
Year at inclusion (%) in 2015 779 51% NA 439 51% NA 0.98
Age (mean/SD) years 779 78.81 8.68 439 80.02 8.72 0.02
m-PARR30. 2Y (mean/SD) Score 779 2.19 0.57 439 2.16 0.61 0.49
DRG points. 1Y Sum 779 2.20 0.03–12.65 439 2.70 0.32–14.79 0.10
# Main diagnoses, 1Y Count 779 3 1–8 439 3 0–8 0.30
# Bi-diagnoses 1Y Count 779 3 0–13 439 3 0–12 0.05
# Long-term Diagnoses. Count 779 11 2–29 439 11 3–28 0.41
m-PARR30, 2Y Score 779 2.15 1.30–3.16 439 2.09 1.33–3.20 0.10
Elixhauser, 2Y Score 779 5 0–20 439 5 0–20 0.28
Emergency Inpt Adm. 1Y Count 779 2 0–8 439 1 0–7 0.05
Emergency Inpt Adm, 30d Count 779 1 0–4 439 1 0–2 0.96
Emergency Bed days, 30d Sum 779 2 0–15 439 3 0–16 0.03
Emergency Bed days, 1Y Sum 779 6 0–52 439 6 0–55 0.86
Emergency Outpt visit, 30d Count 779 0 0–1 439 0 0–1 0.43
Emergency Outpt visit, 1Y Count 779 0 0–3 439 0 0–3 0.95
30d Readmissions, 1Y Count 779 0 0–1 439 0 0–2 0.26
Planned Inpt Adm, 1Y Count 779 0 0–4 439 0 0–2 0.04
Planned Inpt Adm 30d Count 779 0 0–1 439 0 0–1 0.74
Planned Outpt visit, 1Y Count 779 2 0–21 439 2 0–18 0.22
Planned Outpt visit, 30D Count 779 0 0–3 439 0 0–3 0.06
Lead Days Count 779 0 0–9 439 4 0–30 < 0.001
Quintile Lead Days (%) Q 1 + 2 779 78% NA 439 20% NA < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: N Number of patients, # Number of, p-probability, SD Standard deviation, m-PARR30 modified PARR score [76], Elixhauser score – Elixhauser Comorbidity Measure [77], DRG Diagnosis Related Groups [64], Readmissions – New emergency admission within 30 days of last hospital discharge, Inpt Inpatient, Adm Admission, Outpt Outpatient. Main-diagnosis: The current diagnosis which caused admission. Bi-diagnoses: Other diagnoses relevant for the care of the current problem
  2. Time spans: 1Y - Last year prior, 2Y – Last 2 years prior, 30d – Last 30 days prior
  3. Statistics: P-values for two-sided t-tests (continuous normal variables) Wilcoxon rank-sum test (continuous non-normal variables) and Chi2-test (discrete variables) for difference between control and intervention groups