Skip to main content

Table 2 Outcome measures extracted from GPPS

From: Effects of non-medical health coaching on multimorbid patients in primary care: a difference-in-differences analysis

Outcomes GPPS Measure Description Variable
Health status
 EQ-5D-5L Mobility Ability to walk Continuous
Self-care Ability to dress and wash oneself
Usual activities Performance in “work, study, housework, family or leisure activities”
Pain/discomfort Level of pain and discomfort
Anxiety/depression Level of anxiety and/or depression
 Physical functioning Mobility   1 (lowest), 5 (highest) health status
Usual activities  
Pain/discomfort  
 Psychological wellbeing Anxiety/depression   1 (lowest), 5 (highest) health status
 Resilience Self-care   1 (lowest), 5 (highest) health status
Confidence Confidence in managing own health
Experience of care
 Person-centeredness GP rating Rating of GP quality based on last appointment 1 (lowest), 5 (highest) quality
 Continuity of care Seeing preferred GP Frequency of seeing preferred GP 1 (never or almost never), 2 (some of the time), 3 (a lot of the time), 4 (always or almost always)
Health behaviour
 Smoking habit Smoking habit   1 (never smoked), 2 (former smoker), 3 (occasional smoker), 4 (regular smoker)
Health care utilisation
 Primary care utilisation GP visit Time since last GP appointment 1 (more than 12 months ago), 2 (between 6 and 12 months), 3 (between 3 and 6 months), 4 (in the past 3 months)
Nurse visit Time since last nurse appointment 1 (more than 12 months ago), 2 (between 6 and 12 months), 3 (between 3 and 6 months), 4 (in the past 3 months)