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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Toronto At Home/Chez Soi Participants

From: Convergent validity of the EQ-5D-3L in a randomized-controlled trial of the Housing First model

  High needs (N = 197) Moderate needs (N = 378)
ACT (N = 97) Treatment as Usual (N = 100) Ethno-Racial ICM (N = 102) ICM (N = 102) Treatment as Usual (N = 174)
  N % N % N % N % N %
Age, years – median (IQR) 39 (29–47) 41 (31–50) 35 (27–48) 44 (34–47) 41 (30–40)
Male 64 66.0 79 79.0 65 63.7 73 71.6 113 64.9
Ethnic identitya
 Non-ethno-racial 43 44.3 > 40 > 40 0 0 59 57.8 64 36.8
 Aboriginal 7 7.1 ≤5 ≤5 0 0 10 9.8 8 4.6
 Other ethno-racial minority 47 48.5 54 54.0 102 100 33 32.4 102 58.6
Educationb
 Less than high school 48 49.5 53 53.5 42 41.2 61 59.8 75 43.4
 Completed high school 16 16.5 22 22.2 17 16.7 17 16.7 36 20.8
 Some post-secondary school 33 34.0 24 24.2 43 42.2 24 23.5 62 35.8
Homelessness (months)
 Lifetime: median (IQR) 41 (14–84) 60 (23–114) 18 (6–36) 48 (12–120) 36 (12–72)
 Longest period: median (IQR) 18 (7–48) 24 (8–60) 11 (4–18) 18 (6–54) 12 (5–36)
Thought impairment 78 80.4 75 75 29 28.4 15 14.7 32 18.9
Baseline EQ-5D score
 Mean ± SD 0.67 ± 0.26 0.67 ± 0.26 0.64 ± 0.23 0.62 ± 0.22 0.66 ± 0.21
 Median (IQR) 0.73(0.49–0.83) 0.71(0.46–0.83) 0.70(0.52–0.83) 0.66 (0.49–0.78) 0.67(0.54–0.83)
Baseline EQ-5D score at floor 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Baseline EQ-5D score at ceiling 18 18.6 22 22.0 10 9.8 7 6.9 16 9.2
  1. ACT assertive community treatment, ICM intensive case management, IQR interquartile range, SD standard deviation
  2. a The distribution of ethnic identity is suppressed to prevent small cells (N ≤ 5) and preserve confidentiality
  3. b Education data were missing for 2 participants