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Table 2 Numbers of admissions, mortality rates, weekend mortality effects and reductions in admission rates at weekends for major acute disorders across England and Wales

From: Weekend admissions and mortality for major acute disorders across England and Wales: record linkage cohort studies

  England Wales
Number of admissions Mortality rate (30 days) % increased mortality for weekend admissions (based on odds ratios, 95% CI) % reduced admission rate at weekends Number of admissions Mortality rate (30 days) % increased mortality for weekend admissions (based on odds ratios, 95% CI) % reduced admission rate at weekends
Circulatory diseases:
 Acute myocardial infarction 462 983 12.3% 5.9 (3.7, 8.2) 9 30 045 13.7% 4.0 (-4.0, 12.6) 12
 Stroke 627 553 19.8% 11.5 (9.9, 13.2) 12 38 954 20.5% 19.3 (12.5, 26.5) 20
 Subarachnoid haemorrhage 28 699 32.0% 13.5 (6.8, 20.6) 9 1765 35.5% 25.2 (-2.1, 60.1) 16
 Heart failure 434 672 17.1% 13.4 (11.2, 15.6) 34 30 908 17.2% 9.2 (1.1, 17.8) 43
 Angina 519 591 1.5% 22.1 (15.9, 28.5) 26 35 065 2.0% 23.8 (4.0, 47.3) 32
 Valvular heart disease 41 644 7.8% 13.0 (3.3, 23.7) 37 3288 7.3% 19.0 (-14.0, 64.7) 43
 Pulmonary embolism 149 107 8.3% 19.7 (14.4, 25.2) 37 8394 7.9% 24.5 (2.1, 51.8) 40
 Atrial fibrillation 445 430 2.3% 15.9 (10.5, 21.6) 32 30 726 1.9% 3.0 (-16.5, 27.0) 41
 Abdominal aortic aneurysm 29 988 39.5% 51.0 (42.4, 60.1) 27 1984 40.9% 94.5 (54.8, 144) 27
 Peripheral vascular disease 33 025 13.4% 49.4 (36.5, 63.7) 58 3000 10.9% 89.7 (36.1, 164) 67
 Arterial embolism & thrombosis 30 161 9.8% 34.4 (21.5, 41.8) 51 2042 12.0% 113 (51.2, 199) 52
 Phlebitis & thrombophlebitis 175 390 2.1% 49.3 (36.4, 63.5) 66 7612 2.6% 8.7 (-26.7, 61.1) 58
 Hypertension 87 451 5.1% 17.5 (8.7, 26.9) 47 6305 4.9% 1.5 (-26.2, 39.5) 53
Respiratory diseases:
 COPD 783 360 7.6% 3.5 (1.5, 5.6) 16 60 472 7.1% 6.7 (-1.0, 15.0) 24
 Pulmonary oedema 18 665 15.7% 1.2 (-8.1, 11.5) 14 1271 19.0% 10.2 (-22.0, 55.6) 15
 Pneumonia 950 207 25.3% 3.7 (2.5, 4.9) 11 58 392 24.5% 9.2 (4.3, 14.5) 19
 Pneumonitis 79 303 45.7% 0.8 (-2.5, 4.2) 4 4388 48.2% 22.9 (11.7, 35.2) 11
 Lower respiratory infections 520 206 7.7% 5.7 (3.1, 8.3) 16 39 158 6.9% 0.1 (-9.0, 10.1) 24
 Pleural effusion 94 263 12.3% 41.5 (34.3, 49.2) 54 5778 13.1% 44.6 (17.6, 77.9) 57
 Other interstitial respiratory disease 33 787 24.6% 42.4 (33.8, 51.5) 38 2584 24.3% 21.2 (-4.2, 53.4) 46
 Respiratory failure 37 538 37.2% 7.8 (2.2, 13.7) 17 1746 36.9% 3.6 (-19.8, 33.8) 32
Gastrointestinal disorders:
 Upper gastrointestinal bleeding 232 762 7.7% 9.9 (6.0, 14.1) 19 13 861 7.5% -3.5 (-17.7, 13.2) 27
 Perforated peptic ulcer & peritonitis 42 303 22.4% 8.0 (1.7, 14.6) 19 2365 25.4% -0.3 (-22.2, 27.7) 20
 Diverticular disease 158 390 3.9% 11.7 (5.1, 18.8) 28 12 171 3.2% 13.1 (-11.8, 45.0) 33
 Intestinal obstruction 139 882 11.0% 7.8 (3.5, 12.3) 19 8264 11.7% 2.5 (-13.3, 21.1) 22
 Herniae 128 755 3.3% 27.7 (18.6, 37.6) 36 9213 3.5% 13.2 (-14.4, 49.9) 40
 Alcoholic liver disease 88 589 17.8% 27.4 (21.8, 33.3) 45 6821 16.9% 26.2 (6.1, 50.0) 53
 Other liver disease 48 405 15.8% 26.4 (18.7, 34.6) 42 3066 16.7% 37.1 (6.9, 75.8) 47
 Gallstone disease 361 616 1.2% -0.2 (-7.2, 7.3) 20 29 498 1.2% 24.2 (-3.5, 59.7) 24
 Acute pancreatitis 128 885 4.1% 3.3 (-20.1, 33.7) 10 7686 4.9% 3.9 (-19.7, 34.3) 16
 Intestinal infections 166 662 4.4% -5.4 (-10.6, 0.1) 13 9561 4.6% -11.8 (-30.9, 12.5) 21
 Noninfective gastroenteritis 322 727 3.2% 3.9 (-0.8, 8.8) 15 21 811 2.9% 15.0 (-4.8, 38.9) 27
 Constipation 211 598 3.1% 0.6 (-5.1, 6.6) 20 15 835 2.9% 6.3 (-15.1, 33.1) 28
Trauma:
 Hip fracture 472 153 8.0% 1.9 (-0.6, 4.4) 7 30 786 7.3% 8.6 (-1.7, 20.0) 10
 Traumatic brain injury 79 496 14.4% 6.5 (1.7, 11.4) -23 3818 16.2% 12.8 (-7.6, 37.8) -14
 Other head injury 579 485 1.3% 2.3 (-2.8, 7.7) -51 25 448 1.1% -4.8 (-27.4, 24.8) -64
 Shoulder & upper arm injury 211 342 2.0% 5.5 (-1.6, 13.0) -5 11 967 1.7% -16.9 (-41.0, 17.2) -2
 Thoracic & abdominal injury 196 541 2.1% 1.5 (-5.4, 11.9) -16 11 283 1.8% -3.9 (-30.7, 33.1) -16
 Fracture of lumbar spine & pelvis 102 544 3.4% 9.4 (1.2, 18.3) 5 7033 3.3% -14.1 (-38.4, 19.6) 10
 Drug poisoning 672 803 0.7% -5.5 (-11.9, 1.4) -10 41 374 0.6% -6.5 (-29.8, 24.7) -17
Cancers:
 Oesophageal 44 574 29.1% 29.4 (22.7, 36.4) 47 3291 28.9% 34.2 (8.8, 65.6) 57
 Gastric 33 861 30.3% 18.5 (14.3, 22.8) 45 2798 31.8% 39.7 (11.7, 74.8) 57
 Colorectal 111 162 23.0% 26.2 (18.9, 34.1) 42 8532 23.6% 26.0 (10.4, 43.9) 48
 Pancreatic 41 646 37.0% 28.8 (22.0, 35.8) 48 3034 36.3% 20.0 (-3.0, 48.6) 56
 Liver 17 915 36.5% 28.8 (15.2, 35.5) 47 1197 38.3% 36.3 (-2.0, 89.4) 55
 Breast 51 353 23.8% 19.0 (12.8, 25.5) 44 2634 29.8% 4.3 (-16.8, 30.8) 47
 Lung 165 263 39.7% 28.1 (24.9, 31.3) 39 12 691 41.0% 22.9 (11.7, 35.2) 49
 Prostate 53 016 24.5% 20.2 (14.3, 26.5) 46 4262 24.6% 3.8 (-13.9, 25.2) 48
 Ovarian 29 024 22.4% 29.9 (20.6, 40.0) 50 1838 25.6% 20.0 (-10.5, 60.9) 50
 Lymphomas 147 400 16.4% 44.4 (39.1, 49.9) 53 8716 17.3% 30.9 (11.9, 53.0) 57
 Bladder 33 738 21.6% 5.0 (-1.7, 12.3) 40 2489 21.4% -5.6 (-27.5, 22.9) 46
 Kidney 17 723 25.8% 8.0 (-1.1, 17.9) 43 1348 25.9% 14.5 (-19.8, 61.4) 53
 Brain 29 276 17.0% 17.2 (8.9, 26.0) 29 1773 18.2% -22.6 (-44.9, 8.7) 44
Ageing-related disorders:
 Alzheimer's disease 32 124 9.3% 36.2 (24.3, 49.3) 43 3027 7.8% 66.0 (16.5, 136) 63
 Dementia 92 558 10.0% 24.6 (18.1, 31.3) 37 8450 6.8% 48.0 (19.8, 82.8) 59
 Age-related physical debility 204 767 5.2% -5.8 (-10.0, -1.3) 12 10 899 4.5% 6.4 (-14.3, 32.1) 26
Other acute disorders:
 Urinary tract infections 907 855 4.5% 0.4 (-1.9, 2.7) 11 53 585 3.8% 3.1 (-7.2, 14.6) 21
 Acute renal failure 147 012 23.3% 31.4 (27.4, 35.5) 39 8238 24.1% 20.3 (5.1, 37.6) 45
 Diabetes 229 430 2.5% 25.9 (18.1, 34.2) 34 16 036 2.4% 14.0 (-12.1, 47.9) 41
 Septicaemia 147 156 34.9% 2.0 (-0.7, 4.7) 13 10 611 34.6% 6.1 (-4.0, 17.3) 21
 Skin infections 657 895 1.3% 10.8 (5.0, 17.0) 34 38 083 1.2% 18.4 (-5.8, 49.0) 39
 Anaemias 266 850 3.8% 18.9 (12.2, 16.1) 60 16 034 4.2% 31.0 (3.4, 66.0) 71
 Pressure lower limb ulcers 75 760 7.4% 17.6 (9.1, 26.8) 57 5146 6.9% 44.4 (5.4, 91.7) 70
 Disorientation - unspecified 113 080 4.4% -3.6 (-9.9, 3.2) 17 6321 4.6% 19.2 (-10.2, 58.3) 21
 Malaise & fatigue 65 050 5.4% -5.3 (-13.0, 3.2) 30 4113 7.6% 7.1 (-21.0, 45.3) 46
 Syncope & collapse 524 994 2.2% -1.9 (-5.9, 2.2) 4 32 184 1.9% 1.9 (-15.2, 22.4) 7
  1. Bold values for % increased mortality for weekend admissions denote large significant weekend mortality effects (>20%)
  2. Bold values for reduced admissions at weekends denote large reductions (>40%)
  3. Weekend mortality effects are based on odds ratios, obtained through multiple logistic regression modelling