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Table 1 Patients admitted on weekends and on week days for major acute disorders across England and Wales, compared according to population admission rates, patient age, inpatient stay and number of patient co-morbidities

From: Weekend admissions and mortality for major acute disorders across England and Wales: record linkage cohort studies

  England Wales
Admission rate (per 100,000 population) Mean patient age (years) Median inpatient stay (days) Mean number of patient co-morbidities Admission rate (per 100,000 population) Mean patient age (years) Median inpatient stay (days) Mean number of patient co-morbidities
Week day Week end Week day Week end Week day Week end Week day Week end Week day Week end Week day Week end Week day Week end Week day Week end
Circulatory diseases:
 Acute myocardial infarction 127 116 70.3 70.1 6.0 5.0 1.8 1.8 142 125 70.9 70.3 6.0 5.0 1.8 1.8
 Stroke 174 153 75.2 75.7 9.0 10.0 2.0 1.9 190 151 75.5 75.6 10.0 10.0 2.1 2.1
 Subarachnoid haemorrhage 8 7 59.3 59.4 4.0 4.0 1.1 1.1 9 7 61.0 60.9 2.0 2.0 1.2 1.1
 Heart failure 130 85 78.5 79.3 8.0 7.0 2.3 2.3 162 93 78.4 79.0 8.0 8.0 2.4 2.5
 Angina 151 111 68.2 69.0 1.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 177 121 69.7 70.2 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
 Valvular heart disease 12 8 73.9 75.6 8.0 9.0 1.9 1.9 17 10 74.5 76.6 8.0 9.0 1.9 1.8
 Pulmonary embolism 45 28 65.1 66.0 6.0 7.0 1.3 1.3 44 26 64.6 65.3 7.0 8.0 1.3 1.4
 Atrial fibrillation 132 89 70.7 70.4 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.4 160 95 71.1 70.5 3.0 3.0 1.4 1.5
 Abdominal aortic aneurysm 9 6 77.1 77.6 5.0 4.0 2.1 2.0 10 7 76.7 71.1 5.0 3.0 2.2 2.0
 Peripheral vascular disease 11 4 71.4 73.0 7.0 6.0 2.2 2.3 17 6 72.1 71.4 9.0 9.0 2.4 2.3
 Arterial embolism & thrombosis 10 5 70.9 72.2 9.0 9.0 2.1 2.2 11 5 70.4 71.7 10.0 9.0 2.1 2.3
 Phlebitis & thrombophlebitis 59 20 61.8 59.7 0.0 2.0 1.3 1.3 42 18 63.5 63.0 2.0 3.0 1.5 1.5
 Hypertension 27 15 63.2 65.1 2.0 2.0 1.6 1.6 34 16 65.4 67.3 2.0 3.0 1.6 1.7
Respiratory diseases:
 COPD 219 184 71.8 71.9 5.0 4.0 2.2 2.2 296 224 71.7 71.6 6.0 5.0 2.3 2.3
 Pulmonary oedema 5 4 74.5 75.3 5.0 5.0 3.2 3.2 6 5 76.1 76.8 6.0 5.0 3.3 3.3
 Pneumonia 261 233 72.5 73.1 7.0 6.0 2.5 2.5 281 228 71.8 72.4 7.0 6.0 2.5 2.5
 Pneumonitis 21 21 75.7 75.7 11.0 10.0 2.4 2.4 21 19 76.1 75.3 12.0 10.0 2.5 2.4
 Lower respiratory infections 145 122 68.8 70.0 4.0 4.0 2.2 2.2 192 145 69.3 69.7 4.0 4.0 2.3 2.4
 Pleural effusion 30 14 70.6 71.1 6.0 7.0 2.4 2.5 32 14 71.0 72.1 7.0 8.0 2.6 2.6
 Other interstitial respiratory disease 10 6 73.4 74.4 7.0 7.0 2.2 2.2 14 7 74.3 75.2 8.0 8.0 2.2 2.2
 Respiratory failure 11 9 69.9 70.5 8.0 8.0 2.7 2.7 9 6 69.1 69.0 9.0 10.0 2.7 2.6
Gastrointestinal disorders:
 Upper gastrointestinal bleeding 66 53 61.6 60.8 3.0 3.0 1.9 1.8 69 50 62.1 61.1 3.0 3.0 1.9 1.9
 Perforated peptic ulcer & peritonitis 12 10 62.2 61.7 8.0 8.0 1.8 1.8 11 9 64.3 64.2 9.0 9.0 2.0 1.8
 Diverticular disease 46 33 67.9 68.8 5.0 4.0 1.8 1.9 62 41 68.1 68.8 5.0 4.0 1.9 2.0
 Intestinal obstruction 40 32 67.3 67.4 6.0 6.0 1.9 1.9 40 32 67.7 67.9 6.0 5.0 2.0 1.9
 Herniae 39 25 63.1 64.4 2.0 3.0 1.6 1.6 47 28 63.3 65.5 2.0 4.0 1.7 1.8
 Alcoholic liver disease 27 15 51.6 51.4 9.0 9.0 1.7 1.8 37 18 52.3 51.9 9.0 9.0 1.6 1.6
 Other liver disease 15 9 60.0 59.5 8.0 8.0 2.0 2.1 16 9 61.6 61.2 8.0 9.0 2.0 2.0
 Gallstone disease 103 82 58.1 57.8 4.0 4.0 1.4 1.3 145 111 58.2 57.6 4.0 4.0 1.4 1.3
 Acute pancreatitis 35 32 54.9 55.2 5.0 5.0 1.5 1.5 37 31 56.6 56.8 6.0 5.0 1.5 1.5
 Intestinal infections 46 40 60.6 60.2 4.0 3.0 1.8 1.8 47 37 62.0 61.0 4.0 4.0 2.0 2.0
 Noninfective gastroenteritis 90 77 59.5 59.4 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 111 81 60.7 60.4 6.0 5.0 1.9 1.8
 Constipation 60 48 64.4 65.7 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.9 79 57 64.0 65.4 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0
Trauma:
 Hip fracture 129 120 80.9 80.5 15.0 15.0 2.0 2.0 145 130 80.7 79.8 15.0 13.0 2.2 2.1
 Traumatic brain injury 20 24 58.6 51.4 4.0 3.0 1.3 1.0 17 19 59.8 53.1 5.0 4.0 1.5 1.1
 Other head injury 135 203 55.3 47.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 98 161 52.1 43.8 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.7
 Shoulder & upper arm injury 56 58 64.1 59.9 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 54 56 63.5 57.9 3.0 3.0 1.4 1.2
 Thoracic & abdominal injury 50 58 54.9 50.1 2.0 2.0 1.1 1.0 49 57 55.3 49.7 3.0 3.0 1.2 1.0
 Fracture of lumbar spine & pelvis 28 26 71.5 67.9 8.0 9.0 1.6 1.5 33 30 72.0 67.2 10.0 10.0 1.8 1.6
 Drug poisoning 175 193 38.1 36.8 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.6 180 211 37.9 36.4 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.6
Cancers:
 Oesophageal 14 7 71.2 71.2 7.0 7.0 1.5 1.5 18 8 71.3 71.6 8.0 7.0 1.5 1.5
 Gastric 10 6 72.8 72.6 8.0 8.0 1.5 1.5 15 7 73.5 72.8 9.0 10.0 1.5 1.5
 Colorectal 34 20 71.5 71.7 10.0 11.0 1.6 1.5 46 24 72.6 72.1 12.0 11.0 1.6 1.5
 Pancreatic 13 7 71.3 71.0 10.0 10.0 1.6 1.5 17 7 71.7 71.9 10.0 10.0 1.6 1.5
 Liver 6 3 70.0 69.6 10.0 10.0 2.0 2.1 7 3 71.6 71.4 11.0 9.0 2.0 2.0
 Breast 16 9 62.2 62.2 5.0 5.0 0.9 0.9 14 7 67.9 67.3 8.0 6.0 1.2 1.2
 Lung 50 31 70.8 71.2 8.0 8.0 1.6 1.7 68 34 71.1 71.4 9.0 9.0 1.7 1.8
 Prostate 16 9 76.2 76.7 7.0 7.0 1.6 1.7 23 12 76.9 77.0 8.0 8.0 1.7 1.7
 Ovarian 9 5 66.0 65.9 7.0 7.0 1.1 1.1 10 5 67.2 65.7 9.0 8.0 1.2 1.1
 Lymphomas 47 22 64.6 64.4 6.0 7.0 1.4 1.5 48 21 65.9 65.7 6.0 6.0 1.4 1.5
 Bladder 10 6 75.9 76.5 9.0 9.0 2.0 2.0 13 7 76.3 76.6 10.0 9.0 2.0 2.3
 Kidney 5 3 68.7 69.1 8.0 9.0 1.6 1.6 7 3 70.5 70.0 10.0 10.0 1.6 1.7
 Brain 9 6 60.0 59.7 9.0 8.0 1.0 0.9 9 5 60.7 60.1 9.0 9.0 1.1 1.1
Ageing-related disorders:
 Alzheimer’s disease 10 6 80.8 81.6 28.0 17.0 2.2 2.3 17 6 81.2 82.0 31.0 22.0 2.2 2.4
 Dementia 28 18 82.3 83.3 24.0 17.0 1.7 1.8 46 19 82.0 83.0 32.0 22.0 1.7 1.8
 Age-related physical debility 57 50 83.8 84.1 6.0 5.0 2.4 2.4 54 40 83.7 83.9 10.0 9.0 2.7 2.6
Other acute disorders:
 Urinary tract infections 251 223 67.8 68.8 4.0 4.0 2.1 2.1 261 206 67.3 67.5 4.0 5.0 2.1 2.1
 Acute renal failure 44 27 74.8 75.7 8.0 9.0 2.6 2.6 44 24 75.0 75.1 8.0 9.0 2.7 2.7
 Diabetes 68 45 53.4 51.1 3.0 3.0 1.7 1.6 83 49 55.6 52.6 5.0 4.0 1.9 1.8
 Septicaemia 41 36 71.8 72.2 8.0 7.0 2.6 2.6 52 41 71.9 72.2 8.0 7.0 2.7 2.7
 Skin infections 196 130 53.5 52.2 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.3 197 121 54.2 53.2 3.0 3.0 1.5 1.4
 Anaemias 87 35 66.6 62.0 2.0 3.0 2.2 2.1 95 28 71.6 71.7 4.0 5.0 2.5 2.5
 Pressure lower limb ulcers 24 10 71.3 71.7 11.0 11.0 2.6 2.6 30 9 73.1 73.8 13.0 13.0 2.8 2.8
 Disorientation - unspecified 32 26 76.8 76.6 5.0 4.0 2.3 2.2 32 25 77.7 76.9 7.0 5.0 2.6 2.5
 Malaise & fatigue 19 13 65.3 66.5 1.0 1.0 1.9 2.0 22 12 70.9 72.0 3.0 3.0 2.2 2.2
 Syncope & collapse 142 137 67.7 68.0 1.0 1.0 1.9 1.9 150 140 68.1 68.3 1.0 1.0 2.1 2.0