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Table 4 Multivariable regression models of the usefulness of methods in solving ethical problems

From: Ethical problems in nursing management – a cross-sectional survey about solving problems

Independent variables Dependent variables
  Methods used in solving ethical problem a  
Discussion and deliberation Use of outside experts Written instructions and ethical principles Acts and degrees Work arrangements
beta (SE) beta (SE) beta (SE) beta (SE) beta (SE)
Participating in education concerning ethics in last 2 years
 Yes 0.12 (0.05)
 No b 0
 p c 0.0088
Age 0.007 (0.003) 0.008 (0.004) 0.01 (0.004) 0.01 (0.004)
 p c 0.0167 0.0430 0.0117 0.0053
Sum score of work-related background factors 0.09 (0.04) 0.16 (0.07)
 p c 0.0410 0.0187
Frequency of ethical problems related to patients d −0.15 (0.07)
 p c 0.0450
Frequency of ethical problems related to nursing staff4) 0.14 (0.05) 0.35 (0.08) 0.24 (0.09)
 p c 0.0131 <.0001 0.0085
Frequency of ethical problems related to organisation d −0.14 (0.06)
 p c 0.0298
Difficulty of ethical problems related to organisation e 0.10 (0.05) 0.13 (0.04)
 p c 0.0490 0.0029
Frequency of ethical problems related to other professional groups d 0.24 (0.08)
 p c 0.0027
Difficulty of ethical problems related to other professional groups e 0.09 (0.03)  
 pc 0.0040  
Frequency of ethical problems related NM her/himself d −0.15 (0.04) −0.18 (0.06) −0.23 (0.07) − 0.14 (0.06)
 p c 0.0010 0.0022 0.0006 0.0234
100 x R2 (%) 19.1 2.6 7.2 12.9 13.9
 p f <.0001 0.0187 0.0005 <.0001 <.0001
  1. Empty cell (−): No significant association.
  2. SE Standard error.
  3. ausefulness 1 = useless, 4 = very useful
  4. breference category
  5. csignificance of the independent variable
  6. dfrequency 1 = never, 5 = daily
  7. edifficulty, 1 = very easy, 5 = very difficult
  8. fsignificance of the multivariate regression model