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Table 6 Comparison of history of healthcare utilization (from IMA proxies) between groups studied

From: Evaluation of bottom-up interventions targeting community-dwelling frail older people in Belgium: methodological challenges and lessons for future comparative effectiveness studies

  Low limit. IADL (cogn.) Func. Func., cogn. Func., cogn., behav.
Functional IMA proxies
 Personal nursing cre 0.25 [0.22/0.29] 0.33 [0.28/0.38] 0.21 [0.18/0.23] 0.31 [0.26/0.37] 0.3 [0.23/0.39]
 Physical therapy 0.88 [0.71/1.12] 0.77 [0.64/0.93] 0.6 [0.55/0.66] 0.83 [0.74/0.94] 0.48 [0.34/0.62]
 Parkinson’s medication 3.76 [2.57/5.9] 1.78 [1.3/2.41] 1.31 [1.12/1.54] 1.47 [1.2/1.78] 1 [0.66/1.5]
 Incontinence lump sum 0.15 [0.09/0.23] 0.15 [0.1/0.2] 0.24 [0.21/0.27] 0.32 [0.28/0.37] 0.16 [0.11/0.22]
Cognitive, mood IMA proxies
 Antidepressant 1.26 [1.1/1.44] 1 [0.88/1.17] 1.34 [1.22/1.49] 0.99 [0.88/1.11] 1.94 [1.52/2.47]
 Neuroleptic 1.55 [1.26/1.9] 1.45 [1.21/1.75] 1.78 [1.53/2.06] 1.1 [0.97/1.26] 0.41 [0.31/0.53]
 Neuropsychiatrist 3.56 [2.88/4.55] 2.82 [2.37/3.35] 3.19 [2.76/3.71] 4.89 [4.06/5.92] 28.69 [16.69/68.78]
 Psychiatrist 0.83 [0.62/1.12] 4.5 [2.96/7.8] 2.93 [1.97/4.7] 1.68 [1.2/2.45] 3.07 [1.49/8.7]
 Day care center -[−/−] 6.31 [2.57/39.3] 1.22 [0.87/1.75] 2.17 [1.69/2.9] 2.18 [1.24/4.19]
Global IMA proxies
 Geriatrician 3.41 [2.42/5] 2.63 [2.02/3.49] 1.21 [0.95/1.52] 1.51 [1.19/1.93] 17.94 [8.54/81.03]
 Neurologist 3.16 [2.47/4.21] 3.39 [2.64/4.47] 1.65 [1.38/1.99] 3.72 [2.98/4.65] 8.65 [5.54/17]
 Hospitalization 1.39 [1.15/1.71] 2.46 [1.98/3.07] 2.21 [1.95/2.5] 2.24 [1.92/2.59] 4.13 [2.81/6.29]
Acute IMA proxies
 General prctitioner out-of-hours 3.44 [2.84/4.27] 2.64 [2.24/3.12] 3.98 [3.58/4.49] 2.86 [2.49/3.31] 3.11 [2.41/4.28]
 Emergency department + hospitalization 2.92 [2.54/3.41] 1.85 [1.62/2.14] 2.77 [2.51/3.04] 3.01 [2.68/3.41] 2.43 [1.89/3.18]
  1. The table reports for each disability profile (Low limit. Low-level limitations, IADL (cogn.) IADL and low level of cognitive impairment, Func Functional limitations, Func., cogn. Functional & cognitive impairments, func., cogn., behav. Functional, cognitive & behavioural problems) the odds ratios with their 95% confidence intervals adjusted for socio-demographic variables