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Table 5 Global or acute IMA proxies by disability profile and level of ADL and CPS impairment

From: Evaluation of bottom-up interventions targeting community-dwelling frail older people in Belgium: methodological challenges and lessons for future comparative effectiveness studies

  Low limit. IADL (cogn.) Func. Func., cogn. Func., cogn., behav. P value Total
Geriatrician
 ADL < 3, CPS < 3 4.52 6.88 3.74 13.33 2.78   5.08
 ADL < 3, CPS  3 13.33 13.56 0 13.65 16.88   14.05
 ADL  3, CPS < 3 8.62 0 3.95 4.76 5.36   4.16
 ADL  3, CPS  3 0 25 30 7.32 9.46   7.88
P value   ***
 Total 5.07 8.83 3.96 7.59 10.49 *** 6.24
Neurologist
 ADL < 3, CPS < 3 8.01 11.36 11.23 6.67 2.78   9.81
 ADL < 3, CPS  3 20.95 20.42 0 18.88 33.12   22
 ADL  3, CPS < 3 12.07 0 9.71 12.28 16.07   10.18
 ADL  3, CPS  3 0 0 10 17.71 23.42   18.77
P value ***   ***
 Total 8.76 13.93 10.15 16.86 23.99 *** 12.89
General practitioner out-of-hours
 Total 15.84 20.85 26.78 26.33 19.4 *** 23.08
Emergency department + hospitalization
 Total 22.06 28.17 36.62 32.96 28.45 *** 31.04
Hospitalization
 Total 40.62 48.01 61.86 54.88 44.97 *** 52.78
Multi-morbidity
 Total 91.24 91.01 93.63 93.67 90.66 *** 92.53
  1. Table presents for each disability profile (Low limit. Low-level limitations, IADL (cogn.) IADL and low level of cognitive impairment, Func Functional limitations, Func., cogn. Functional & cognitive impairments, func., cogn., behav. Functional, cognitive & behavioural problems) the proportions of people utilizing the service. The p values in columns are obtained from the chi-squared test comparing the disability profiles. The p values in lines are related to the chi-squared test comparing the different levels of ADL and CPS impairment. ***: p value ≤0.001; NS No significant; −: minimum expected value < 5