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Table 3 Team-Level Descriptive Statistics

From: The role of psychological safety and learning behavior in the development of effective quality improvement teams in Ghana: an observational study

Model Construct Variable Mean
(SD)
Min Max Obs Rwg(J)
(distribution)
ICC1 ω reliability
Control Variables Hospital staff size 252.3
(177.2)
43 1100 113 n/a n/a n/a
Average age 34.13
(4.86)
26.75 48.33 121
QI team sizea 9.10
(3.47)
4.00 24.40 121
Rural hospital 23.7% n/a n/a 122
Staff-to-bed ratio 3.16
(2.69)
0.54 21.95 110
Perceived Support Support-1 5.29
(1.01)
2.0 7.0 122 0.605
(slightly skewed)
0.354 0.792
Support-2 3.50
(1.40)
1.0 6.3 122
Support-3 5.01
(1.29)
1.3 7.0 122
Support-4 4.83
(1.29)
1.7 7.0 122
Team Leadership Lead-1 5.83
(0.78)
3.5 7.0 122 0.587
(moderately skewed)
0.213 0.866
Lead-2 5.66
(0.92)
1.7 7.0 122
Lead-3 5.10
(1.05)
1.7 7.0 122
Psychological Safety Safety-1 6.26
(0.53)
4.3 7.0 122 0.745
(heavily skewed)
0.153 0.748
Safety-2 6.10
(0.46)
4.3 7.0 122
Safety-3b 6.25
(0.63)
3.7 7.0 122
Safety-4b 6.35
(0.57)
4.0 7.0 122
Safety-5b 6.44
(0.51)
4.0 7.0 122
Learning Behavior Learn-1 5.96
(0.65)
3.5 7.0 122 0.718
(moderately skewed)
0.149 0.830
Learn-2 5.54
(0.73)
3.0 7.0 122
Learn-3 5.37
(0.77)
2.8 7.0 122
QI Implementation Perform-1 5.19
(1.03)
2.0 7.0 122 n/a n/a 0.912
Perform-2 5.54
(1.19)
1.0 7.0 122
Perform-3 4.33
(1.42)
1.0 7.0 122
QI Practice-1 4.48
(1.61)
1.0 7.0 122
QI Practice-2 4.54
(1.46)
1.0 7.0 122
QI Practice-3 4.63
(1.59)
1.0 7.0 122
  1. N = 122 teams
  2. aQI team size refers to the average of the reported number of people on each team
  3. bScores for negatively-worded items were reverse coded (e.g., 1 = 7