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Table 2 Characteristics of study clients and providers across facility type

From: Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: a cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria

Client characteristicsTotalPHCHospitalP-Value
(n = 135)(n = 38)(n = 97)
Mean age (years) ± SD27.87 ± 8.2324.89 ± 5.8828.32 ± 5.150.001
Mean gravidity ± SD2.79 ± 2.053.16 ± 2.492.65 ± 1.840.256
Mean gestational age (weeks) ± SD28.26 ± 8.4330.13 ± 8.5627.43 ± 8.290.120
Mean gestational age at 1st ANC visit (weeks) ± SD20.83 ± 7.7821.9 ± 8.0620.49 ± 7.710.413
Mean # ANC visitsb
 Gestational age < 20 weeks (n = 13)2.23 ± 1.792.00 ± 2.002.33 ± 1.800.771
 Gestational Age 20–29 weeks (n = 27)2.15 ± 1.542.60 ± 1.522.05 ± 1.560.477
 Gestational age 30+ weeks (n = 64)3.43 ± 2.093.39 ± 1.93.45 ± 2.210.920
Education [n (%)]   <0.001
 Primary or below primary41 (30.4)18 (47.4)23 (23.7)
 Secondary41 (30.1)19 (50)22 (22.7)
 Postsecondary53 (39.3)1 (2.6)52 (53.6)
Religion [n (%)]   0.001
 Christian60 (44.4)8 (21.1)52 (53.6)
 Muslim75 (55.6)30 (78.9)45 (46.4)
Marital status [n (%)]   1.000a
 Married/living together130 (96.3)37 (97.4)93 (95.9)
 Divorced/separated/widowed5 (3.7)1 (2.6)4 (4.1)
Health insurance coverage [n (%)]b   0.191
 Yes19 (23.8)2 (11.8)17 (27.0)
 No61 (76.3)15 (88.2)46 (73.0)
Socioeconomic status [n (%)]   0.051
 Low50 (37.0)9 (23.7)41 (42.3)
 Medium63 (46.7)24 (63.2)39 (40.2)
 High22 (16.3)5 (13.2)17 (17.5)
Spending decision [n (%)] b   0.285
 Myself10 (8.3)3 (8.6)7 (8.2)
 Partner49 (40.8)16 (45.7)33 (38.8)
 Both myself and partner51 (42.5)11 (31.4)40 (47.1)
 Other10 (8.3)5 (14.3)5 (5.9)
PROVIDERSTotalPHCHospital 
(n = 201)(n = 105)(n = 96) 
Mean age ± SD39.06 ± 9.6438.15 ± 9.7940.10 ± 9.400.164
gender [n (%)]   0.396
 Male37 (18.4)17 (16.2)20 (20.8)
 Female164 (81.6)88 (83.8)76 (79.2)
Type of provider [n (%)]   <0.001
 Obstetrician/Gynecologist6 (3.0)0 (0.0)6 (6.3)
 General Practitioner20 (10.0)5 (4.8)15 (15.6)
 Nurse/midwife83 (41.3)19 (18.1)64 (66.7)
 Community Health Extension Worker79 (39.3)68 (64.8)11 (11.5)
 Community Health Officer13 (6.5)13 (12.4)0 (0.0)
  1. ausing Fisher’s exact test
  2. beffective sample size does not equal total sample due to missing data