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Table 4 Adjusted and Unadjusted Odds Ratios of the Association between Demographic Characteristics of Women Respondents and Institutional Delivery in (a) 2008 SLDHS and (b) 2013 SLDHS

From: Impact of the free healthcare initiative on wealth-related inequity in the utilization of maternal & child health services in Sierra Leone

2008 SLDHS (a) 2013 SLDHS (b)
Background
Characteristic
Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
P-value Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Wealth index
 Poorest 1   1   1   1  
 Poorer 1.49 (1.17, 1.89) 0.001 1.44 (1.14, 1.82) 0.002 1.22 (1.07, 1.40) 0.004 1.07 (0.94, 1.22) 0.290
 Middle 1.52 (1.19, 1.93) 0.001 1.54 (1.22, 1.94) <  0.001 1.28 (1.11, 1.47) <  0.001 1.07 (0.94, 1.21) 0.335
 Richer 1.37 (1.05, 1.78) 0.020 1.82 (1.45, 2.30) <  0.001 1.72 (1.47, 2.00) <  0.001 1.68 (1.47, 1.92) <  0.001
 Richest 1.30 (0.94, 1.80) 0.115 3.24 (2.57, 4.08) <  0.001 1.75 (1.41, 2.17) <  0.001 2.55 (2.20, 2.95) <  0.001
Education Level
 None 1   1   1   1  
 Primary 1.40 (1.13, 1.75) 0.002 1.78 (1.45, 2.18) <  0.001 1.28 (1.12, 1.47) <  0.001 1.37 (1.21, 1.56) <  0.001
 Secondary 1.98 (1.56, 2.52) <  0.001 2.90 (2.38, 3.54) <  0.001 1.76 (1.52, 2.03) <  0.001 2.36 (2.09, 2.66) <  0.001
 Higher 3.76 (2.03, 6.96) <  0.001 7.61 (4.27, 13.55) <  0.001 3.40 (1.89, 6.11) <  0.001 6.80 (3.88, 11.91) <  0.001>
Occupation
 No 1   1   1   1  
 Yes 1.20 (1.00, 1.43) 0.047 0.86 (0.73, 1.01) 0.066 0.72 (0.64, 0.81) <  0.001 0.58 (0.52, 0.64) <  0.001
Residence
 Urban 1   1   1   1  
 Rural 0.47 (0.38, 0.58) <  0.001 0.39 (0.34, 0.45) <  0.001 0.68 (0.58, 0.80) <  0.001 0.46 (0.42, 0.51) <  0.001
Ethnicity
 Temne, Loko, & Limba 1   1   1   1  
 Mende, Sherbro & Kono 2.22 (1.88, 2.63) <  0.001 1.98 (1.69, 2.31) <  0.001 3.08 (2.78, 3.41) <  0.001 2.62 (2.39, 2.88) <  0.001
 Others 1.47 (1.19, 1.82) <  0.001 1.53 (1.25, 1.87) <  0.001 1.62 (1.41, 1.86) <  0.001 1.58 (1.38, 1.80) <  0.001
Religion
 Christianity 1   1   1   1  
 Islam 0.87 (0.72, 1.04) 0.130 0.58 (0.49, 0.69) <  0.001 0.86 (0.76, 0.97) 0.016 0.58 (0.52, 0.65) < 0.001
 Others 0.41 (0.15, 1.11) 0.079 0.17 (0.07, 0.46) <  0.001 0.89 (0.37, 2.12) 0.791 0.56 (0.25, 1.26) 0.162
Mother’s age
 15–19 1   1   1   1  
 20–24 1.19 (0.88, 1.61) 0.265 1.19 (0.89, 1.58) 0.249 1.09 (0.91, 1.30) 0.367 1.00 (0.84, 1.18) 0.976
 25–29 1.04 (0.77, 1.40) 0.791 0.96 (0.72, 1.26) 0.749 1.25 (1.05, 1.50) 0.014 1.02 (0.87, 1.20) 0.841
 30–34 1.25 (0.91, 1.71) 0.162 1.22 (0.91, 1.64) 0.179 1.03 (0.86, 1.25) 0.739 0.79 (0.67, 0.94) 0.006
 35–39 1.08 (0.78, 1.49) 0.654 0.96 (0.71, 1.29) 0.775 1.06 (0.87, 1.29) 0.562 0.77 (0.64, 0.91) 0.003
 40–44 0.99 (0.66, 1.49) 0.950 0.85 (0.58, 1.25) 0.404 1.05 (0.83, 1.33) 0.702 0.71 (0.57, 0.88) 0.002
 45–49 0.96 (0.57, 1.64) 0.883 0.67 (0.40, 1.11) 0.116 0.80 (0.60, 1.06) 0.122 0.60 (0.46, 0.78) < 0.001
 Number of children 1.02 (0.99, 1.05) 0.119 1.02 (0.99, 1.05) 0.235 1.00 (0.99, 1.02) 0.823 1.00 (0.98, 1.02) 0.948