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Table 1 Profiles of all participants (n = 451)

From: Intention to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV in China under the scaling-up of ART: the role of healthcare workers’ recommendations

  Number Percent
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Male 423 93.8
Age (mean: 32.91, sd: 10.40)
 18– 105 23.3
 25– 185 41.0
 35–80 161 35.7
 Han ethnicity 422 93.6
Education level
 Junior high or below 128 28.4
 Senior high school 142 31.5
 College or above 181 40.1
Current marital status
 Single 270 59.9
 Married or cohabitation 123 27.3
 Others (Married separation/Divorce/Others) 58 12.9
 Having health insurance 291 64.5
Origin
 Local (Guangzhou) 117 26.1
 Other places of Guangdong Province 107 23.8
 Other Provinces 225 50.1
HIV-related characteristics
Duration of HIV infection (months since HIV diagnosis)
 <1 237 52.5
 1–12 78 17.3
 >12 136 30.2
Route of HIV infection
 Heterosexual behaviour 104 23.1
 Homosexual behaviour 328 72.7
 Injecting drug use/uncertain 19 4.2
Infection status of current spouse/regular sex partners
 Negative 57 12.6
 Positive 52 11.5
 Don’t know 150 33.3
 Without partner 192 42.6
Most recent CD4 counts
 <=350 243 53.9
 >350 208 46.1
Ever had AIDS-related clinical symptoms
 No 367 81.4
 Yes 84 18.6
Psycho-social status
 Depression (mean: 7.76, sd: 5.84)   
 Normal (0–4) 153 33.9
 Mild (5–9) 159 35.3
 Moderate-severe (10–27) 139 30.8
Psycho-social status
 Anxiety (5.63, 4.99)
 Normal (0–4) 213 47.2
 Mild (5–9) 158 35.0
 Moderate-severe (10–21) 80 17.7
Perceived stigma (mean: 31.56, sd: 6.81)   
Social support (mean: 57.18, sd: 14.16)   
Healthcare workers’ recommendations to initiate ART
From physicians at CHCs   
 Weak recommendation 94 20.8
 Strong recommendation 189 41.9
 Not applicable 168 37.3
From physicians at the CDC
 Weak recommendation 67 14.9
 Strong recommendation 351 77.8
 Not applicable 33 7.3
From healthcare workers at NGOs
 Weak recommendation 101 22.4
 Strong recommendation 90 20.0
 Not applicable 260 57.6
  1. Not applicable: participants have not previously had contact with this type of healthcare worker
  2. CHCs: Community Healthcare Centres
  3. NGOs: non-governmental organizations
  4. CDC: the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention