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Table 2 Characteristics of HIV discharges in Portuguese NHS hospitals, 2009–2014

From: HIV/AIDS length of stay in Portugal under financial constraints: a longitudinal study for public hospitals, 2009–2014

Variables 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Total
Discharges, N 3864 3735 3576 3538 3146 2502 20,361
Length of stay (days); median (IQR) 11 (17) 11 (16) 11 (16) 11 (16) 11 (16) 11 (16) 11 (16)
Age (years); median (IQR) 41 (14) 43 (15) 44 (15) 44 (16) 45 (15) 46 (15) 44 (15)
No. secondary diagnoses; median (IQR) 6 (4) 6 (5) 6 (5) 7 (6) 8 (6) 8 (6) 7 (5)
No. procedures; median (IQR) 8 (6) 8 (6) 8 (6) 8 (6) 8 (7) 9 (7) 8 (7)
Gender; n (%)
 Male 2783 (72.02) 2658 (71.16) 2571 (71.90) 2538 (71.74) 2282 (72.54) 1796 (71.78) 14,628 (71.84)
 Female 1081 (27.98) 1077 (28.84) 1005 (28.10) 1000 (28.26) 864 (27.46) 706 (28.22) 5733 (28.16)
Region of residence; n (%)
 North 1025 (16.53) 93 (25.11) 860 (24.05) 856 (24.19) 803 (25.52) 568 (22.70) 5050 (24.80)
 Centre 472 (12.22) 526 (14.08) 488 (13.65) 466 (13.17) 436 (13.86) 368 (14.71) 2756 (13.54)
 Lisbon and the Tagus Valley 1986 (51.40) 1968 (52.69) 1950 (54.53) 1920 (54.27) 1628 (51.75) 1396 (55.80) 10,848 (53.28)
 Alentejo 50 (1.29) 45 (1.20) 39 (1.09) 40 (1.13) 34 (1.08) 29 (1.16) 237 (1.16)
 Algarve 258 (6.68) 203 (5.44) 213 (5.96) 232 (6.56) 227 (7.22) 125 (5.00) 1258 (6.18)
 Other 73 (1.89) 55 (1.47) 26 (0.73) 24 (0.68) 18 (0.57) 16 (0.64) 212 (1.04)
Type of admission; n (%)
 Elective 533 (13.79) 14.40) 590 (16.50) 726 (20.52) 567 (18.02) 426 (17.03) 3380 (16.60)
 Urgent 3331 (86.21) 3197 (85.60) 2986 (83.50) 2812 (79.48) 2579 (81.98) 2076 (82.97) 16,981 (83.40)
Readmission within 30 days; n (%)
 No 3405 (88.12) 3263 (81.36) 3177 (88.84) 3141 (88.78) 2817 (89.54) 2227 (89.01) 18,030 (88.55)
 Yes 459 (11.88) 472 (12.64) 399 (11.16) 397 (11.22) 329 (10.46) 275 (10.99) 2331 (11.45)
In-hospital mortality; n (%)
 No 3306 (85.56) 3248 (86.96) 3140 (87.81) 3131 (88.50) 2766 (87.92) 2204 (88.09) 17,795 (87.40)
 Yes 508 (14.44) 487 (13.04) 436 (12.19) 407 (11.50) 380 (12.08) 298 (11.91) 2566 (12.60)
HIV/AIDS as principal diagnosis; n (%)
 No 953 (24.66) 979 (26.21) 1075 (30.06) 998 (28.21) 1108 (35.22) 512 (20.46) 5625 (27.63)
 Yes 2911 (75.34) 2756 (73.79) 2501 (69.94) 2540 (71.79) 2038 (64.78) 1990 (79.54) 14,736 (72.37)
Pneumocystis pneumonia; n (%)
 No 3610 (93.43) 3439 (92.07) 3315 (92.70) 3284 (92.82) 2920 (92.82) 2300 (91.93) 18,868 (92.67)
 Yes 254 (6.57) 296 (7.93) 261 (7.30) 254 (7.18) 226 (7.18) 202 (8.07) 1493 (7.33)
Hepatitis B; n (%)
No 3699 (95.73) 3580 (95.85) 3382 (94.57) 3386 (95.70) 2985 (94.88) 2379 (95.08) 19,411 (95.33)
Yes 165 (4.27) 155 (4.15) 194 (5.43) 152 (4.30) 161 (5.12) 123 (4.92) 950 (4.67)
Hepatitis C; n (%)
 No 2796 (72.36) 2726 (72.99) 2530 (70.75) 2520 (71.23) 2283 (72.57) 1802 (71.02) 14,657 (71.99)
 Yes 1068 (27.64) 1009 (27.01) 1046 (29.25) 1018 (28.77) 863 (27.43) 700 (27.98) 5704 (28.01)
Tuberculosis; n (%)
No 2118 (54.81) 2039 (54.59) 2008 (46.15) 2100 (59.36) 1828 (58.11) 1382 (55.24) 11,475 (56.36)
Yes 1746 (45.19) 1696 (45.41) 1568 (43.85) 1438 (40.64) 1318 (41.89) 1120 (44.76) 8886 (43.64)