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Table 2 Demographic Characteristics of Study Participants

From: HIV/AIDS health services in Manaus, Brazil: patient perception of quality and its influence on adherence to antiretroviral treatment

Characteristic Total
(n = 812)
Central Hospital (n = 410) Decentralized Health Units (n = 402) Chi-square
p-value
Age (mean) 38.50 39.45 32.94 0.0001
Gender (%)
 Females 37.11 38.24 30.55 0.0000
 Males 62.89 61.76 69.45  
Race (%)
 Black 5.75 5.85 5.17 0.2778
 Mulatto 76.96 77.07 76.29  
 White 12.86 12.44 15.31  
 Asian 1.83 1.95 1.12  
 Indigenous 2.60 2.68 2.11  
Education (%)
 Illiterate 0.50 0.49 0.58 0.3523
 Incomplete primary education 23.38 24.39 17.48  
 Complete primary education 7.71 8.05 5.75  
 Incomplete secondary education 8.02 7.80 9.29  
 Complete secondary education 38.26 38.05 39.50  
 Incomplete tertiary education 9.75 9.27 12.59  
 Complete tertiary education 9.98 9.51 12.74  
 Graduate education 2.38 2.44 2.06  
Marital status (%)
 Never married 55.01 54.15 60.08 0.0037
 Married 14.85 15.85 8.96  
 Divorced/separated 3.21 3.17 3.45  
 Widow(er) 4.00 4.39 1.73  
 Lives with partner (but not married) 22.93 22.44 25.79  
Sexual Orientation (%)
 Heterosexual 67.64 70.17 52.82 0.0016
 Homosexual 22.48 20.78 32.40  
 Bisexual 9.88 9.05 14.77  
Employment (%)
 Employed 32.52 31.22 40.12 0.0032
 Self-employed 16.50 16.59 15.97  
 Unemployed with no source of income 27.05 25.61 35.50  
 Unemployed with some financial support 14.98 16.34 0.7  
 Retired 8.96 10.24 1.4  
Income (Brazilian Reais)
 Mean monthly income 1314.67 1315.85 1306.72 0.8987
Place of residence (%)
 Manaus 85.53 83.66 96.53 0.0000
 Outside of Manaus 14.47 16.34 3.47  
Patient’s first CD4 count (%) n = 713 n = 344 n = 369  
 CD4 equal to 200/mm3 or greater 62.91 60.17 77.73 0.0240
 CD4 less than 200/mm3 37.09 39.83 22.27  
First CD4 count (mean) 342.08 329.19 411.97 0.000
Viral load in last blood exam (%) n = 678 n = 338 n = 340  
 Viral load equal to 1000/mL or less 76.8 76.33 79.54 0.000
 Viral load over 1000/mL 23.2 23.67 20.46  
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