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Table 2 Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses of independent factors associated with HIV testing among men in Malawi

From: Uptake and correlates of HIV testing among men in Malawi: evidence from a national population–based household survey

Characteristics COR 95% CI P-Value AOR 95% CI P-Value
Age (Years)
 15–19 1    1   
 20–29 6.71 5.85–7.68 < 0.001* 2.57 2.16–3.05 < 0.001*
 30–39 12.30 10.41–14.53 < 0.001* 3.00 2.35–3.82 < 0.001*
 40+ 7.44 6.33–8.75 < 0.001* 2.02 1.58–2.59 < 0.001*
Residence
 Urban 1    1   
 Rural 0.76 0.67–0.87 < 0.001* 1.03 0.87–1.23 0.743**
Region
 Northern 1    1   
 Central 0.70 0.59–0.83 < 0.001* 0.64 0.53–0.78 < 0.001*
 Southern 0.75 0.63–0.88 < 0.001* 0.74 0.61–0.90 0.002*
Marital Status
 Never married 1    1   
 Currently married 6.15 5.51–6.87 < 0.001* 3.03 2.51–3.65 < 0.001*
 Formerly married 4.63 3.39–6.33 < 0.001* 2.24 1.57–3.18 < 0.001*
Religion
 Christians 1    1   
 Muslims 0.97 0.82–1.13 0.674** 1.06 0.88–1.27 0.559**
 No religion 0.71 0.54–0.93 0.014* 0.74 0.54–1.01 0.054**
Wealth Index
 Poor 1    1   
 Medium 0.92 0.80–1.05 0.215** 0.95 0.81–1.11 0.497**
 Rich 1.16 1.04–1.29 0.010* 1.08 0.93–1.25 0.332**
Education
 None 1    1   
 Primary school 0.84 0.68–1.03 0.090** 1.49 1.19–1.88 0.001*
 Secondary school or above 1.80 1.45–2.25 < 0.001* 3.02 2.33–3.91 < 0.001*
Covered by health insurance
 No 1    1   
 Yes 2.76 1.86–4.11 < 0.001* 1.66 1.05–2.63 0.030*
Age at first sexual debut (years)
 No sex 1    1   
 Less than 15 4.20 3.50–5.05 < 0.001* 2.12 1.72–2.61 < 0.001*
 15–24 9.24 7.94–10.75 < 0.001* 2.54 2.11–3.07 < 0.001*
 24+ 14.24 10.11–20.05 < 0.001* 2.46 1.69–3.59 < 0.001*
  1. Note Abbreviations: AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio. *Significant (P < 0.05); **Non-significant (P > 0.05)