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Table 1 Overview of observations

From: The impact of implementing a hospital electronic prescribing and administration system on clinical pharmacists’ activities - a mixed methods study

  Acute admissions Medicine for the Elderly Both wards combined
Pre-ePA Post-ePA p-value Pre-ePA Post-ePA p-value Pre-ePA Post-ePA p-value
Number of observations 18 26 6 13 24 39
Total observation time (h:min) 33:21 47:42 10:09 25:38 43:30 73:20
Mean duration of observation (h:min) 1:51
(SD 14 mins)
1:50 (SD 14 mins) 0.80 1:42
(SD 28 mins)
1:58
(SD 16 mins)
0.11 1:49
(SD 18 mins)
1:53
(SD 15 mins)
0.34
Median number of patients reviewed per observation 6
(range 2–10)
5
(range 1–16)
0.18 18
(range 3–22)
9
(range 3–22)
0.48 6
(range 2–22)
5
(range 1–22)
0.36
Number of activity samples 990 1424 297 752 1287 2176
Median time per patient reviewed (mins, 95% CI) 19
(15–24)
21
(20–30)
0.14 7
(4–22)
14 (5–24) 0.20 17
(15–22)
22 (17–24) 0.16
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, ePA electronic prescribing and medication administration system, SD standard deviation