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Table 2 Baseline comorbidity profiles of patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes classified as having low-, middle- and high-quality service delivery

From: To what extent is the variation in cardiac rehabilitation quality associated with patient characteristics?

Comorbidity Quality category p Value Effect size
Low (31) Middle (78) High (52)
Total comorbidities (mean) 1.36 1.44 1.72 0.05* 0.04
Angina % 12.23 12.07 14.38 0.43 0.01
Arthritis % 7.94 9.72 11.42 0.13 0.03
Cancer % 2.99 4.32 4.73 0.10 0.03
Diabetes % 9.99 13.93 15.90 0.01* 0.06
Rheumatism % 1.77 1.61 2.09 0.43 0.01
Stroke % 2.07 3.28 3.79 0.01* 0.06
Osteoporosis % 1.08 1.27 1.86 0.05 0.04
Hypertension % 31.89 31.87 35.58 0.47 0.01
Chronic bronchitis (COPD) % 1.22 3.04 2.55 0.54 0.01
Emphysema % 0.53 1.50 1.80 0.13 0.03
Asthma % 4.59 4.65 6.55 0.01* 0.06
Claudication % 3.07 1.47 2.41 0.19 0.02
Chronic back problems % 5.02 6.58 8.33 0.12 0.03
Anxiety % 4.78 1.96 2.82 0.29 0.02
Depression % 4.92 2.73 3.20 0.48 0.01
Family history of CVD % 9.58 11.28 11.69 0.74 0.00
Hypercholesterolaemia or dyslipidaemia % 17.21 15.58 18.74 0.56 0.01
  1. % proportion of patients, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CVD cardiovascular disease
  2. *p ≤ 0.05