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Table 1 Demographics and baseline health states of patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes classified as having low-, middle- and high-quality service delivery

From: To what extent is the variation in cardiac rehabilitation quality associated with patient characteristics?

  Quality category p Value Effect size
Low (N) Middle (N) High (N)
Demographics
 Age (years) 63.94 (31) 64.25 (78) 64.64 (52) 0.33 0.01
 Female (%) 25.64 (30) 26.01 (77) 26.89 (52) 0.59 0.01
 Unemployment (%) 15.96 (20) 19.27 (65) 17.78 (48) 0.56 0.01
 IMD (mean) 6.23 (24) 5.90 (66) 5.86 (46) 0.57 0.01
Baseline health state
 High risk (%) 16.28 (12) 21.84 (53) 23.39 (45) 0.32 0.02
 BMI (kg/m2) (mean) 27.49 (30) 28.02 (77) 28.39 (51) 0.04* 0.04
 Waist (cm) (mean) 97.47 (25) 98.07 (63) 101.00 (44) 0.44 0.01
 BP 140 / 90 (%) 28.69 (25) 32.64 (70) 33.47 (52) 0.24 0.02
 Smoker (%) 8.32 (18) 12.68 (60) 11.39 (48) 0.09 0.04
 6MWT (metres) (mean) 342.74 (13) 276.66 (27) 280.61 (25) 0.15 0.06
 ISWT (metres) (mean) 374.58 (7) 326.18 (30) 352.33 (25) 0.62 0.02
 150 min moderate/week (%) 36.49 (31) 28.04 (76) 29.53 (52) 0.12 0.03
 75 min vigorous/week (%) 8.38 (30) 6.20 (76) 6.56 (52) 0.31 0.02
 HADS anxiety (%) 28.05 (18) 32.58 (68) 31.54 (50) 0.16 0.03
 HADS depression (%) 18.24 (17) 21.89 (66) 21.69 (50) 0.22 0.02
  1. N, number of CR programmes; %, proportion of patients; BP blood pressure, BMI body mass index, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, IMD Index of Multiple Deprivation, ISWT Incremental Shuttle Walk Test, 6MWT Six-Minute Walk Test. %, proportion of patients, BP blood pressure, BMI body mass index, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, ISWT Incremental Shuttle Walk Test, 6MWT Six-Minute Walk Test
  2. *p ≤ 0.05