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Table 6 Multivariate Regression Models of good governance and other independent variables on underweight among children age 6–59 months in Ethiopia

From: Good governance, public health expenditures, urbanization and child undernutrition Nexus in Ethiopia: an ecological analysis

Variables Model_1 Model_2
Odds ratio R. Sta. err P-value Odds ratio R. Sta. err P-value
Government effectiveness 17.31 28.65 0.085 72.2 114.9 0.007
Regulatory quality 0.012 0.028 0.062 0.0015 0.003 0.004
Control corruption 0.004 0.006 0.002 0.0005 0.0009 0.000
Region (Tigray region is ref.) Affar     1.135 0.117 0.001
Amhara     1.07 0.076 0.311
Oromiya     0.810 0.056 0.002
Somali     1.044 0.090 0.619
Beni-Gumuz     1.145 0.094 0.100
SNNP     1.002 0.699 0.972
Gambela     0.730 0.067 0.001
Harari     0.574 0.066 0.000
Addis Ababa     0.475 0.061 0.000
Dire Dawa     0.894 0.092 0.275
Sex (Male is ref.) Female     0.867 0.023 0.000
Partner’s education level (Ref. No education) Primary     0.875 0.030 0.000
Secondary     0.783 0.050 0.000
Higher     0.645 0.073 0.000
Current age of child (0 years is ref.) 1 years     2.389 0.106 0.000
2 years     2.704 0.116 0.000
3 years     2.408 0.109 0.000
4 years     2.471 0.113 0.000
Wealth index Quintile (Poorest is ref.) Poorer     0.888 0.038 0.006
Middle     0.857 0.037 0.000
Richer     0.754 0.036 0.000
Richest     0.716 0.043 0.000
Toilet type (Unimproved is ref.) Improved/modern sanitation     0.791 0.042 0.000
Drinking source (Unimproved is ref.) Improved source of drinking water     0.932 0.050 0.196
Residence (Urban is ref.) Rural     1.25 0.102 0.007
Highest educational level of the respondents (illiterate is ref.) Primary     0.853 0.037 0.000
Secondary     0.572 0.056 0.000
Higher     0.366 0.084 0.000
No of children under five (≤ 2 is ref.) > 2     0.844 0.034 0.000
Parity (parity≤3 is ref.) Parity more than 3     1.24 0.049 0.000
Sex of household head (Male is ref.) Female     1.056 0.043 0.178
Respondent’s occupation (Not working is ref.) Paid working     0.990 0.044 0.380
Agricultural     1.012 0.040 0.770
Partner’s occupation (Not working is ref.) Paid working     1.022 0.082 0.782
Agricultural     1.088 0.085 0.280
Age of women (15–19 is the ref.) 20–24     0.976 0.082 0.773
25–29     0.973 0.084 0.750
30–34     1.00 0.089 0.999
35–39     0.914 0.086 0.336
40–44     0.900 0.091 0.300
45–49     0.769 0.095 0.033
No of household members (ref. is 1–3 members) 4–6 members     0.964 0.051 0.495
>  7 members     0.934 0.056 0.254
R2   0.0137 0.0744