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Table 7 Association between presenteeism and individual exposures and outcomes

From: Presenteeism exposures and outcomes amongst hospital doctors and nurses: a systematic review

Organizational-related Factors Exposures Outcomes
Positive Negative Not significant Positive Negative Not significant
Demographics
 Age Letvak 2013 Aysun 2017 Sendén 2013    
Martinez 2012   d’Errico 2013    
   Heponiemi 2013    
   Thun 2014    
 Hospital/ Department    d’Errico 2013    
 Employer (Public sector) Heponiemi 2013      
 Being in academia Sendén 2013      
 Marriage status    d’Errico 2013    
 Country Sendén 2013i      
 Ethnicity    Warren 2011    
 Job title (nurses) d’Errico 2013   Warren 2011    
Aysun 2017      
 Seniority/ work experience   Martinez 2012 d’Errico 2013    
 Rank (non-managerial) Skela-Savič 2017      
 Shift work    Rantanen 2011    
 Gender (female) Martinez 2012 Demerouti 2009     
Sendén 2013      
Thun 2014      
Senden 2016      
Aysun 2017      
 Compensatory leave/ sick leave policy Sendén 2013      
 Type of employment (perm)    d’Errico 2013    
 Work schedule (full-time)    d’Errico 2013    
 Sick leave Sendén 2013    Dellve 2011   
 Hours worked Martinez 2012      
Individual health
 Acute/chronic disease Warren 2011      
Rantanen 2011      
 Overall health symptoms Martinez 2012      
 Mental symptoms/ conditions (depression/ anxiety) Warren 2011   d’Errico 2013    
Letvak 2012      
Martinez 2012      
 Lower back pain interference with daily activities    d’Errico 2013 Skela-Savič 2017   
 Influenza medications/ vaccine-related behaviours    LaVela 2007    
 Dutifulness Dellve 2011      
 Poor general health Demerouti 2009    Dellve 2011   
Martinez 2012      
Aysun 2017      
 Self-diagnosis and treatment Sendén 2013      
 Need for healthcare provision/ pharmacotherapy Skela-Savič 2017      
Warren 2011      
 Sleep problems Warren 2011      
 Decreased physical activities Skela-Savič 2017      
 Poor Work Ability     Dellve 2011   
 Decreased Performance     Dellve 2011   
Personal factors
 Coping strategies    Umann 2014    
 Social support at home   Dellve 2011     
 Work-family/ Family work conflict Dellve 2011   d’Errico 2013    
Senden 2016      
Boumans 2014