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Table 1 Participants’ demographic and obstetric profiles by residence from the point of care

From: Time and cost associated with utilization of services at mobile health clinics among pregnant women

  Total participants =293 ≤ 1.5 h travel > 1.5 h travel p value
n = 173 observation n = 120 observations
  n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Marital status Cohabiting 55(18.77) 50(28.90) 5(4.17)  
Married 222(75.77) 118(68.21) 104(86.67)  
Single 16(5.46) 5(2.89) 11(9.17) < 0.001
Marriage type Monogamous 135(40.74) 101(64.24) 34(30.16)  
Polygamous 142(51.26) 67(35.76) 75(69.84) < 0.001
Level of education No formal education 206(70.31) 97(56.07) 109(90.83)  
Primary education 80(27.30) 69(39.88) 11(9.17)  
Secondary education 7(2.39) 7(4.05) 0(0.00) < 0.001
Occupation Cannot work 1(0.34) 0(0.00) 1(0.83)  
Farming &livestock keeping 103(35.15) 55(31.79) 48(40.00)  
Farming only 21(7.17) 21(12.14) 0(0.00)  
Food vendor 83(28.33) 53(30.36) 30(25.00)  
Formally employed 6(2.05) 4(2.31) 2(1.67)  
Housewife 31(10.58) 19(10.98) 12(10.00)  
Livestock keeping only 48(16.38) 21(12.14) 27(22.50) 0.001
Religion Christian 90(30.72) 37(21.39) 53(44.17)  
Muslim 143(48.81) 101(58.38) 42(35.00)  
Pagan 60(20.48) 35(20.23) 25(20.83) < 0.001
Parity Zero Parity 76(25.94) 47(27.17) 29(24.17)  
Para One 64(21.84) 40(23.12) 24(20.00)  
Multiparitya 116(39.59) 72(41.62) 44(36.67)  
Grandmultiparityb 37(12.63) 14(8.09) 23(19.17) 0.049
Timing of ANC booking First trimester 256(87.37) 143(82.66) 113(94.17)  
Second trimester 37(12.63) 30(17.34) 7(5.83) 0.004
Place of first antenatal clinic Static health facility 96(32.76) 70(40.46) 26(21.67)  
Mobile health clinic 197(67.24) 103(59.54) 94(78.33) 0.001
Place of delivery of the previous childc Health facility 109(43.25) 64(46.04) 45(39.82)  
Home 143(56.75) 75(53.96) 68(60.18) 0.322
Mode of transport Own Bicycle 16(5.46) 5(2.89) 11(9.17)  
Public Transport 5(1.71) 5(2.89) 0(0.00)  
Rented Motorcycle 2(0.68) 1(0.58) 1(0.83)  
Own Motorcycle 33(11.26) 22(12.72) 11(9.17)  
Walking 231(78.84) 137(79.19) 94(78.33)  
Others 6(2.05) 3(1.73) 3(2.50) 0.086
Household helper Friend 5(1.71) 5(2.89) 0(0.00)  
Immediate family member 278(94.88) 158(91.33) 120(100.00)  
Nobody 10(3.41) 10(5.78) 0(0.00) 0.004
Direct payment to household helper Yes 2(0.69) 2(1.19) 0(0.00)  
No 286(99.31) 166(98.81) 120(100.00) 0.230
Direct payment for transport Yes 45(15.36) 27(15.61) 18(15.00)  
No 248(84.64) 146(84.39) 102(85.00) 0.887
  1. Note:
  2. N denotes total number, n denotes number in the subgroup
  3. a = 2–4 previous pregnancies; b = 5 and above previous pregnancies; c = excludes zero parity women
  4. p value based on Pearson chi-square
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