Skip to main content

Table 3 Multilevel linear models for expenditure on reproductive health (time lag of 1 year)a

From: Understanding drivers of domestic public expenditure on reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health in Peru at district level: an ecological study

Box variables Time-adjusted regression coefficient 95% CI p Time and confounder-adjusteda regression coefficient 95% CI p
  Time (year) 0.87 0.72–1.02 < 0.001 0.19 0.04–0.34 0.013
Box A GDP per capita (constant 2012 US$) 0.00 0.00–0.00 0.259
Gini for income (%) −0.08 − 0.18 - 0.01 0.078 − 0.08 − 0.13 - -0.03 0.003
Poverty line (%) 0.02 −0.02 - 0.05 0.335
Unmet basic needs (%) 0.01 −0.03 - 0.05 0.614
Urbanization (%) −0.01 −0.04 - 0.02 0.475
Cash Transfer Program coverage (%) −0.01 − 0.04 - 0.02 0.581    
Median years of schooling, women −0.02 −0.25 - 0.22 0.898    
Total fertility rate 0.31 −0.43 - 1.05 0.412
Box B Density of doctor, nurses and midwives (per 10,000 population) 0.06 −0.05 - 0.17 0.29
Expenditure on reproductive health activities, previous year (constant 2012 US$/woman of reproductive age) 1.29 1.11–1.47 < 0.001 1.28 1.11–1.46 < 0.001
Box C Family planning needs satisfied (%) −0.04 −0.15 - 0.07 0.502
Box D Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 0.05 −0.05 - 0.15 0.325
  1. aUnits of analyses are 192 (24 departments × 8 years). Variables in each group are adjusted for all other variables in the same group or above