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Table 3 Description of instruments used in outcome measures

From: Aged care clinical mentoring model of change in nursing homes in China: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Outcomes Instruments description Hypotheses
Nursing homes’ capacity to create and sustain quality improvement Shortell’s Organization and Management Survey had been adapted to nursing home to evaluate nursing homes’ capacity to create and sustain quality improvement by Scott [27]. The scale has 35 items, consists of 5 subscales related to communication and leadership. Cronbach’s α of the Chinese version is 0.87 [27]. H1- nursing homes’ capacity to create and sustain evidence-based quality
Perceptions of quality of care A single item on a 4-point Likert scale which is dichotomized as very low or rather low opposed to rather high or very high [12]. H6&H3 - perception of quality of care
Person-centered Care Assessment Tool Person-centered Care Assessment Tool consists of three subscales: the extent of personalizing care, amount of organizational support, degree of environmental accessibility, Cronbach’s α of the Chinese version is 0.68 [28, 29]. H2- staff’s perceptions of Person-centered Care
Staff job satisfaction Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire in short form has 20 items was used to examine satisfaction with professional life, Cronbach’s α of the Chinese version is 0.95 [30]. H7- job satisfaction
Staff intentions to leave Turnover Intention Scale has 6 items and Items are scored using 4-point Likert. The Chinese version has been tested and used to assess the turnover intention of care staff. Cronbach’s α of the Chinese version is 0.92 [31]. H8- staff intention to leave
Residents’ quality of life The12-item Short-Form Health Survey has 8 domains include Physical Functioning, Role-Physical, Bodily Pain, General Health, Vitality, Social Functioning, Role-Emotional, and Mental Health. Cronbach’s α of the Chinese version is 0.91 [32]. H4- residents’ quality of life
Quality of Life in Late-Stage of Dementia has 3 factors and 11 items, with the factors being depressive mood, behavioral symptoms of discomfort, and positive behavioral signs of social interaction. Cronbach’s α of the Chinese version is 0.74 [33].