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Table 2 ART, immunological and virological statuses and healthcare coverage of adolescents living with HIV from 11 ART clinics in Cambodia

From: Characteristics of adolescents living with HIV receiving care and treatment services in antiretroviral therapy clinics in Cambodia: descriptive findings from a cross-sectional study

  Total
(n = 328)
Males
(n = 169)
Females
(n = 159)
 
n (%) n (%) n (%) P-value*
Antiretroviral therapy (ART)
Mean travel time to ART clinic (min) 48.2 ± 43.4 46.1 ± 41.2 55.5 ± 45.5 0.36
Type of ART regimen     0.91
 First line 183 (82.4) 140 (82.8) 131 (82.4)  
 Second line 36 (16.2) 29 (17.2) 27 (17.6)  
Time since ART started (in years) 8.2 ± 3.3 8.3 ± 3.4 7.8 ± 3.3 0.20
Mean cost to travel to ART clinic (USD) 3.4 ± 3.9 3.5 ± 3.9 3.3 ± 4.0 0.61
Visual Adherence Scale (%) 95.4 ± 9.6 95.3 ± 9.6 95.4 ± 9.7 0.91
Immunological and virological status
Initial CD4 count (mean cells/mm3) 632 ± 1101 777 ± 1460 632 ± 460 0.35
Latest CD4 count (mean cells/mm3) 672 ± 284 683 ± 314 660 ± 250 0.44
First viral load count (copies) 34,375 ± 13,958 37,868 ± 13,205 30,662 ± 14,748 0.64
Latest viral load count (copies) 9268 ± 6407 4103 ± 1573 14,759 ± 9041 0.13
Viral suppression 252 (76.8) 131 (77.5) 121 (76.1) 0.76
Healthcare access and coverage
Ability to cover health expenses     0.11
 No 181 (55.2) 86 (50.9) 95 (59.7)  
 Yes 147 (44.8) 83 (49.3) 64 (40.3)  
Family has an ID poor card     0.04
 No 190 (57.9) 88 (52.1) 102 (64.2)  
 Yes 112 (34.2) 63 (37.3) 49 (30.8)  
 Don’t know 26 (7.9) 18 (10.7) 8 (5.0)  
Access to the health equity fund     < 0.001
 No 185 (56.4) 109 (64.5) 76 (47.8)  
 Yes 126 (38.4) 45 (35.7) 81 (50.9)  
 Don’t know 17 (5.2) 15 (8.9) 2 (1.3)  
Covered by a health insurance scheme     0.02
 No 289 (88.1) 148 (87.6) 141 (88.7)  
 Yes 6 (1.8) 0 (0.0) 6 (3.8)  
 Don’t know 33 (10.1) 21 (12.4) 12 (7.5)  
  1. Values are number (%) for categorical variables and mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables
  2. * Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test as appropriate was used for continuous variables, and Student’s t-test for continuous variables